Unani management of vesical calculus: a case report


  • Mohammad Shamim Khan Department of Unani Medicine, Government Unani Dispensary, Kota North, Rajasthan, India
  • Qamrul Hasan Lari Department of Kulliyat, State Unani Medical College and Hospital, Paryagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India




Diuretic, Hisat-e-Masana, Lithotriptic, Unani medicine, Vesical calculus


Vesical calculus (Hisat-e-Masanah) accounts approximately 5% of all urinary tract stones. It has bimodal peaks age of incidence at 3 years in children in developing countries, and 60 years in adulthood. Despite advance technology of lithotripsy, the management of vesical calculus in children remains a challenge due to difficulty in passing of stone fragments and adverse effect of surgery. Hence alternative and safe treatment like Unani system of medicine can be adopted to avoid surgical procedure. The present paper deals with a case study in which a 10 years old male child patient suffered from a single vesical calculus was treated with Unani pharmacopeial medicine; Qurs Kaknaj (2 tablets), Qurs Kushta Hajrul Yahood (1 tablet) and Sharbat Buzoori Motadil (10 ml syrup) twice a day as oral administration, with the aim to evaluate the efficacy of drugs and to avoid surgery. Patient has shown excellent and significant result as 8×5 mm size of a stone flushed out at 3rd day of treatment without any operation.


Schwartz BF, Stoller ML. The vesical calculus. Urol Clin North Am. 2000;27(2):333-46.

Johnson O. Vesical calculus in Ethiopian children. Ethiop Med J. 1995;33(1):31-5.

Halstead SB. Epidemiology of bladder stone of children: precipitating events. Urolithiasis. 2016;44(2):101-8.

Takasaki E, Suzuki T, Honda M, Imai T, Maeda S, Hosoya Y. Chemical compositions of 300 lower urinary tract calculi and associated disorders in the urinary tract. Urol Int. 1995;54(2):89-94.

Philippou P, Moraitis K, Masood J, Junaid I, Buchholz N. The management of bladder lithiasis in the modern era of endourology. Urology. 2012;79(5):980-6.

Lal B, Paryani JP, Memon SR. Childhood bladder stones-An endemic disease of developing countries. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2015;27(1):17-21.

Douenias R, Rich M, Badlani G, Mazor D, Smith A. Predisposing factors in bladder calculi: Review of 100 cases. Urology. 1991;37(3):240-3.

Childs MA, Mynderse LA, Rangel LJ, Wilson TM, Lingeman JE, Krambeck AE. Pathogenesis of bladder calculi in the presence of urinary stasis. J Urol. 2013;189(4):1347-51.

Turk C, Skolarikos A, Donaldson JF, Neisius A, Petrik A, Seitz C et al. Eur Urol. 2019;76(3):352-67.

Khan MS, Lari QH, Khan MA. Unani Concept of Nephrolithiasis (Hisat-e-Kulyah) and Its management-An Overview. WJPMR. 2016;2(5):247-52.

Kabeeruddin HM. Beyaz-e-Kabeer. 2nd vol. Haiderabad Decan: Hikmat Book Depo. 2004.

Anonymous. Disease and Treatment. New Delhi: Hamdard (waqf) Laboratories (India). 2009.

Zill-ur-Rahman HS. Kitab-ul-Murakkabat. Aligarh: Lithocolour Printers. 1980.

Ghani MN. Khazanat-ul-Advia. 3rd vol. Lucknow: Munshi Naval Kishore. 1920.

Sanchooli N. Antidiabetic Properties of Physalis alkekengi Extract in Alloxan-Induced Diabetic Rats. Res J Pha Biol and Chem Sci. 2011;2:168-73.

Ibironke GF, Ajiboye KI. Studies on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of Chenopodium ambrosioides leaf extract in rats. Int J of Pharmacol. 2007;3:111-5.

Mohammad K, Gharib N, Maryam M, Zahra G, Naseri D. Antispasmodic effect of Physalisalkekengi fruit extract on rat uterus. Iran J Reprod Med. 2008;6(4):193-8.

Johansson G, Backman U, Danielson BG, Fellström B, Ljunghall S, Wikström B. Effects of Magnesium Hydroxide in Renal Stone Disease. J Amer Col Nutrition. 1982;1(2):179-85.

Vargas R, Perez RM, Perez S, Zavala MA, Perez C. Antiurolithiatic activity of Raphanussativus aqueous extract on rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999;68(1-3):335-8.

Aziz I, Ismail A, Zulkifle M, Ansari AH. Effects of Sharbat Buzuri Motadil on Citrate Excretion. Ind J Trad Knowledge. 2011;10(3):498-501.

Shafaq N, Tabassum M. Ameliorative effect of ethanolic extract of cichoriumintybus on Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats. Pak J sci Indus Res. 2009;52(4):208-16.

Janapareddi K, Ellandala R, Pulluru M, Dundigalla SK. Anti Urolithiatic Activity of Cucumis sativus. Int J Pharma Scree Methods. 2013;3(2):46-52.

Khan MS, Khan W. Therapeutic Evaluation of Unani Pharmacopoeial Formulations for Hisat-e-Kulyah (Nephrolithiasis). Hamdard Medicus. 2017;60(1):82-6.

Khan MS. Effect of Unani Formulations on Ureteric Calculus (Hisat-e-Halib)-A Case Report. EJBPS. 2019;6(1):649-52.




How to Cite

Khan, M. S., & Lari, Q. H. (2021). Unani management of vesical calculus: a case report. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 9(10), 3200–3202. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20213958



Case Reports