A rare tumor at an unusual site-angiomyolipoma vulva
Keywords:Angiomyolipoma, Vulva, Extra-renal
An angiomyolipoma is one of the very rare benign tumors. All three elements, that is, blood vessels, adipose tissue and smooth muscles, should be present to qualify it to be labelled as an ‘angiomyolipoma’. Although it has been reported at other sites also like mediastinum, heart, spermatic cord, fallopian tube, oral cavity, penis, salivary glands, and skin.
Silva A, Contreras E, Almeida O, Lopes M, Vargas PA. Angiomyolipoma of the upper lip: case report and review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2007;12:E101-4.
Martignoni G, Pea M, Rigaud G, Manfrin E, Colato C, Zamboni G et al. Renal angiomyolipoma with epithelioid sarcomatous transformation and metastases: demonstration of the same genetic defects in the primary and metastatic lesions. Am J Surg Pathol. 2000;24(6):889-94.
Garg M, Duhan A, Bindroo S, Kaur J, Mahajan NC. Isolated angiomyolipoma of vulva: A case report of an uncommon tumor at an uncommon site. J Cancer Res Ther. 2015;11(3):645.
Gupta P, Guleria S. Adrenal Angiomyolipoma: A Case Report and Review of Literature. Res J Med Sci. 2011;5(5):243-6.
L’Hostis H, Deminiere C, Ferriere JM, Coindre JM. Renal angiomyolipoma: a clinicopathologic, immunohistochemical, and follow-up study of 46 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 1999;23(9):1011-20.
Rakowski SK, Winterkorn EB, Paul E, Steele DJR, Halpern EF, Thiele EA. Renal manifestations of tuberous sclerosis complex: Incidence, prognosis, and predictive factors. Kidney Int. 2006;70(10):1777-82.
Eble JN, Amin MB, Young RH. Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: a report of five cases with a prominent and diagnostically confusing epithelioid smooth muscle component. Am J Surg Pathol. 1997;21(10):1123-30.
Cibas ES, Goss GA, Kulke MH, Demetri GD, Fletcher CD. Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma ('sarcoma ex angiomyolipoma’) of the kidney: a case report and review of the literature. Am J Surg Pathol. 2001;25(1):121-6.
Brimo F, Robinson B, Guo C, Zhou M, Latour M, Epstein JI. Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma with atypia: a series of 40 cases with emphasis on clinicopathologic prognostic indicators of malignancy. Am J Surg Pathol. 2010;34(5):715-22.
Martignoni G, Bonetti F, Chilosi M, Brunelli M, Segala D, Amin MB et al. Cathepsin K expression in the spectrum of perivascular epithelioid cell (PEC) lesions of the kidney. Mod Pathol Off J U S Can Acad Pathol Inc. 2012;25(1):100-11.
Zavala-Pompa A, Folpe AL, Jimenez RE, Lim SD, Cohen C, Eble JN et al. Immunohistochemical study of microphthalmia transcription factor and tyrosinase in angiomyolipoma of the kidney, renal cell carcinoma, and renal and retroperitoneal sarcomas: comparative evaluation with traditional diagnostic markers. Am J Surg Pathol. 2001;25(1):65-70.
Kathpalia SK, Sharma C, Yadav S, Gargade C. Angiomyolipoma of vulva: Rare tumour at an unusual site. Med J Armed Forces India. 2020;76(4):459-61.