Pre-operative predictors of difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy and its correlation with post-cholecystectomy syndrome and its impact on quality of life in North Indian population
Keywords:Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Post-cholecystectomy syndrome, Quality of life, Radiological predictors, Clinical predictors, Biochemical predictors
Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the most preferable surgical procedure worldwide. LC is not completely risk-free and 2 to 15% of attempted LC procedures have to be converted to open cholecystectomy. The aim of the study was to assess the predictors of difficult LC procedures and for knowing the impact of difficult LC procedures on post-cholecystectomy syndrome and quality of life of patients.
Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted on patients who underwent LC. Clinical, demographic, radiological and biochemical parameters along with detailed history of patients were documented. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was then done on patients using standard technique. Level of difficulty in LC procedure was assessed and graded. Occurrence of post-cholecystectomy syndrome was investigated and quality of patient’s life was assessed using SF-36 inventory.
Results: The difficulty rate in LC procedure was observed to be 17.4%. The clinical predictors of difficult LC procedures were old age and prior history of abdominal surgery. Contracted gall bladder, peripancreatic fluid and thick gallbladder wall were radiological predictors and presence of adhesions, longer duration of surgery and conversion to open procedures were intraoperative predictors of difficult LC procedures. Early PCS was affected by difficult LC procedures; though with passage of time it reduced. Post-operative quality of life was affected more by PCS incidence than the difficult LC procedure.
Conclusions: The findings of the study would help in anticipating predictors of difficult LC procedures and in understanding the phenomenology and determinants of PCS along with its relationship with operative difficulty and quality of life of patients.
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