DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20161980

The effect of awareness program on knowledge and practice regarding breast cancer early detection among women at Wad Nubaui, in Omdurman locality, North Sudan

Rehab Ahmed Hussien, Howeida Hassan Abusalih, Ayda Hussein

Abstract


Background:Breast cancer is the most frequently occurring cancer among Sudanese women, 80% - 85% of breast cancer patients presented with late advanced disease. This highlights the need for increased community awareness about breast cancer and the need for early detection. The Study aimed to determine the effect of awareness program on knowledge and practice regarding breast cancer early detection among women at Wad Nubaui Omdurman Locality- North Sudan.

Methods: Experimental pre and after study design was conducted. A total of 69 women were included. Awareness program was administrated by health workers for six month. The knowledge and practice regarding breast cancer early detection was measured by means of structured questionnaire before and after the awareness program. Data was analyzed using computer software program, statistical package for social sciences. Ethical approval was taken from Medical specialization board and Khartoum State ministry of health ethical review board and informed consent was taken from each participant.

Results: There was a significant improvement in knowledge regarding, over all knowledge {CI 95%, -0.77 to -0.15}, risk factors knowledge {CI 95%, -6.4 to -16.0}, and. Change in breast self-examination practicing from pre- to post-test was statistically significant (P<0.001).

Conclusions: Results support the feasibility and effectiveness of the community base Awareness programs intervention in increasing the knowledge of breast cancer and attitude towards breast self-examination.

 


Keywords


Breast cancer, Early detection, Breast self-examination, Clinical breast examination, Awareness program, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Breast cancer prevention and control. Breast cancer burden. Available at: http://www.who.int. Accessed on February 14.2014.

Mohammed S, Hamad K, Almobarak A. Sudan International Conference on Breast Cancer, 2011. Available at: http://www.aortic-africa.org. Accessed on February 15th 2014.

Oussama Khatib MN. Guidelines for the early detection and screening of breast cancer. 2006;12-13:5.

Sudan National cancer control program .Guideline on prevention and early detection breast cancer at primary health care level. 2010:37- 49.

Ahmed HG, Musa RM. Role of some risk factors in the etiology of breast cancer in the Sudan. Open Breast Cancer Journal. 2010;2:71-8.

World Health Organization: Cancer Control. Knowledge into action. WHO guide for effective programs. Module 3: Early Detection. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007.

Abuidris DO, Elsheikh A, Ali M, Musa H, Elgaili E, Ahmed AO. Breast-cancer screening with trained volunteers in a rural area of Sudan: a pilot study. Lancet Oncol. 2013;14(4):363-70

Lewin SA, Dick J, Pond P, Zwarenstein M, Aja G, van Wyk B. Lay health workers in primary and community health care (Review). The Cochrane Library. 2009;(1):1-100.

Hae RH, Lee H, Kim MT. Tailored lay health worker intervention improves breast cancer screening outcomes in non-adherent Korean-American women. Health Education Research. 2009;24(2):318-29.

Abd Elrahman SH, Ahmed MA. Self-Examination of the breast for early detection of breast cancer the role of medical students in the Faculty of Medicine - University of Gezira – Sudan. Sudanese J Pub Health. 2006;1(1):36-42.

Rao RS, Nair S, Nair NS, Kamath VG. Acceptability and effectiveness of a breast health awareness program for rural women in India. Indian J Community Med. 2005;59:398-402.