Published: 2022-01-29

Nutrigenomics: future for sustenance

Prem Lal, Remya Ramachandran, P. T. James, Rajeevan K., Aju Ravindran, Durga Balakrishnan, Ajith Bhasker, Sasidharan ., Babu Francis, Gopalan A. V., Subbaraman K. R., Kanniyan Binub


Nutrigenomics deals with the effect of foods and food constituents on gene expression. It is a new concept in disease prevention and cure. Nutrigenomics conveys how nutrients influence our body to express genes, whereas nutrigenetics refers to how our body responds to nutrients. The various bioactive food components can alter the gene expression mechanisms. But our actual knowledge is so insufficient that the only use of such information may help to satisfy our imagination. If science could arrive at some more precise facts, that would have vast applications in medicine.


Nutrigenomics, Health, Life

Full Text:



Sales NM, Pelegrini PB, Goersch MC. Nutrigenomics: definitions and advances of this new science. J Nutr Metab. 2014;2014:202759.

Twitter. SOAS University of London, 2021. Available at: Accessed on 18 December 2021.

Bashir F, Akhthar J. Ilajbil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) in Unani system of medicine- An appraisal. EPJMR. 2018.

Hurlimann T, Stenne R, Menuz V, Godard B. Inclusion and exclusion in nutrigenetics clinical research: ethical and scientific challenges. J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics. 2011;4(6):322-43.

Abete I, Agirre X, Ahlgren J, Aranburu G, Aller R, Lacueva C, et al. In: Caterina RD, Martinez JA, Kohlmeier M, eds. Principles of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics. India: Academic Press; 2020.

ProQuest. Disclosure of Genetic Information for Personalized Nutrition and Change in Dietary Intake, 2021. Available at: Accessed on 18 December 2021.

Nutrigenomics in Cardiovascular Medicine. Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics, 2017. Available at: Accessed on 18 December 2021.

Nutrients. Nutrigenomics of Vitamin D, 2021. Available at: Accessed on 18 December 2021.

Virgili F, Perozzi G. How does Nutrigenomics impact human health? IUBMB Life. 2008;60(5):341-4.

Reddy VS, Palika R, Ismail A, Pullakhandam R, Reddy GB. Nutrigenomics: Opportunities & challenges for public health nutrition. Indian J Med Res. 2018;148(5):632-41.

Ordovas JM, Mooser V. Nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2004;15(2):101-8.

Ferguson LR. Nutrigenomics approaches to functional foods. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109(3):452-8.