DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20220388

Age and gender distribution of patients undergoing teeth extraction: a retrospective study in a tertiary health care centre

Deepika Alluru, Venkata Subhash Andey, Chandrasekhar Lingamallu, Sindhoori Patnam

Abstract


Background: Tooth extraction remains a major commonly performed procedure in developing countries. Tooth loss affects mastication, speech, aesthetics and impairs the quality of life. The number of extracted teeth can serve as an indicator for socioeconomic status or oral hygiene level. It is essential to provide awareness regarding oral hygiene maintenance and early detection of dental problems to minimise extractions. The aim of the study was to investigate the age and gender distribution of patients undergoing extraction of teeth at GVPIHC and MT, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.

Methods: In this retrospective study, case records of all patients who underwent dental extractions in the department of dentistry at Gayatri Vidya Parishad institute of health care and medical technology (GVPIHC and MT) from January 2021 to December 2021 were reviewed through random sampling. Inclusion criteria included dental extraction cases in the age group of 1year to 80 years. Incomplete data of extractions was excluded. Demographic details of patients like age and gender were recorded for 972 extraction cases that were included in the study. The data collected was entered in Microsoft excel, analysed through SPSS Software and was subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: Among 972 extractions, females showed predominance over males. 21-30 years age group reported more extractions and 71-80 years age group the least. On comparing the association between age and gender, the results were statistically significant (Pearson’s chi square test, p<0.05). The age group of 11-20 years, 61-70 years and 71-80 years reported male predominance in contrast to the other age groups.

Conclusions: Within the limits of present study, it can be concluded that the prevalence of dental extraction was more in females than males. The age group of 21-30 years recorded more number of extractions. This study will help us to create awareness and emphasize the importance of oral hygiene maintenance among people to prevent tooth loss at an early age.


Keywords


Extraction, Age, Gender, Teeth

Full Text:

PDF

References


Taiwo OA, Sulaiman AO, Obileye MF, Akinshipo A, Uwumwonse AO, Soremi OO. Patterns and reasons for childhood tooth extraction in Northwest Nigeria. J Pediatr Dent. 2014;2:83.

Crawford AN, Lennon MA. Dental attendance patterns among mother and their children in an area of social deprivation. Community Dent Health. 1992;9(3):289-91.

Pinkham JR. Examination, diagnosis, and treatment planning of the infant and toddler. In: Casamassimo PS, Warren JJ, editors; Paediatric dentistry infancy: through adolescence. 4th ed. New York: Elsevier Inc. 2005;206-19.

Pratha AA, Kumar MPS, Jain RK. Age and gender distribution of patients undergoing extraction of teeth for dental caries-An institutional study. J Complement Med Res. 2020;11(2):174-82.

Byahatti SM, Ingafou MSH. Reasons for extraction in a group of Libyan patients. Int Dent J. 2011;61(4):199-203.

Kumar BP, Venkatesh V, Praveen P, Devi VV. Reasons relating to the extraction of permanent teeth in the regional population. J Indian J Dent Adv. 2018;10(3):105-8.

Desar B, Sharma B, Shakya R. To find out the causes of extraction of teeth in the patients coming to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery at Kantipur dental college teaching hospital and research centre from January 2014 to December 2018. Clin Oral Sci Dent. 2019;1(1):47-51.

Naz F. Reasons for extraction in permanent dentition a study in a tertiary care setting in Pakistan. J Pak Dent Assoc. 2011;(4):235-8.

Hamagharib DS, AbdAsada AS, Saeed HMM, Khursheed DA, Noori AJ, Talabani RM. Pattern of tooth extraction in relation to age and sex in patients attended school of dentistry university of Sulaimani. IOSR-JDMS. 2015;14(9):101-4.

Tassoker M, Menziletoglu D, Bastiirk F, Karabekiroglu S, Sener S. Investigation of Tooth Extraction Reasons in Patients Who Applied to a Dental Faculty. Meandros Med Dental J. 2018;19(3):219.

Christabel A. Comparison of pterygomaxillary dysjunction with tuberosity separation in isolated Le Fort I osteotomies: A prospective, multi-centre, triple-blind, randomized controlled trial. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015;45(2):180-5.

Anjana.G, Balakrishna RN. A retrospective study on extraction of teeth in patients under 30 years age. J Arch Egyptol. 2020;17:924-33.