Facial mask-related acne during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a literature review
Keywords:Mask, Acne, Maskne, COVID-19, Skin
The global COVID-19 pandemic has given rise to the need to use personal protective equipment such as masks, among healthcare professionals and the general public. Regular long time wearing of mask during this pandemic has resulted in increased incidence of acne flare, which the term maskne or mask acne has emerged. This literature review discussed current knowledge of maskne, the factors predisposing person to developing maskne, some strategies which may prevent maskne and its effects.
Teo WL. The "Maskne" microbiome - pathophysiology and therapeutics. Int J Dermatol. 2021;60(7):799-809.
Teo WL. Diagnostic and management considerations for "maskne" in the era of COVID-19. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2021;84(2):520-1.
Raju SP, Sachdev M, Khunger N, Madnani N. Mask Acne in Skin of Color: A Significant Dermatological Condition Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2022;15(4):44-8.
Spigariolo CB, Giacalone S, Nazzaro G. Maskne: The Epidemic within the Pandemic: From Diagnosis to Therapy. J Clin Med. 2022;11(3):618.
Kosasih LP. MASKNE: Mask-Induced Acne Flare During Coronavirus Disease-19. What is it and How to Manage it? Open Access Maced J Med Sci. 2020;8(T1):411-5.
Christopher PM, Roren RS, Tania C., Jayadi NN, Cucunawangsih C. Adverse Skin Reactions to Personal Protective Equipment Among Health-Care Workers During COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study in Indonesia. Int J Dermatol Venereol. 2020;3(4):211-8.
Yaqoob S, Saleem A, Jarullah AF, Asif A, Essar MY, Emad S. Association of Acne with Face Mask in Healthcare Workers Amidst the COVID-19 Outbreak in Karachi, Pakistan. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2021;14:1427-33.
Ramesh A, Shabari A. Clinico-epidemiological study of mask induced acne due to increased Mask use among health care workers during COVID pandemic in a tertiary care institute. Int J Res Dermatol. 2021;7:48-52.
Falodun O, Medugu N, Sabir L, Jibril I, Oyakhire N, Adekeye A. An epidemiological study on face masks and acne in a Nigerian population. PLoS One. 2022;17(5):e0268224.
Althobaiti HM, Althobaiti H, Khan M, Alsatti H, Samarkandy SJ. The Association Between Facial Dermatosis and Face-Mask Wearing During COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Cureus. 2022;14(2):e22265.
Kaul S, Kaur I, Jakhar D. Facial Mask-related Acne and Acneiform Eruption During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: A Case Series. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2021;14(10):32-4.
Damiani G, Gironi LC, Grada A, Kridin K, Finelli R, Buja A, Bragazzi NL, Pigatto PDM, Savoia P. COVID-19 related masks increase severity of both acne (maskne) and rosacea (mask rosacea): Multi-center, real-life, telemedical, and observational prospective study. Dermatol Ther. 2021;34(2):e14848.
Han C, Shi J, Chen Y, Zhang Z. Increased flare of acne caused by long-time mask wearing during COVID-19 pandemic among general population. Dermatol Ther. 2020;33(4):e13704.
Rudd E, Walsh S. Mask related acne (“maskne”) and other facial dermatoses. BMJ. 2021;373:1304.
Kiely LF, O'Connor C, O'Briain G, O'Briain C, Gallagher J, Bourke JF. Maskne prevalence and associated factors in Irish healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2022;10.