DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20221799
Published: 2022-06-28

The effectiveness comparison of the Otago home exercise program with balance strategy exercise on dynamic balance in the elderly

I. Gede Putu Wahyu Mahendra, Luh Putu Ratna Sundari, Govinda Vittala, Ni Made Rininta Adi Putri

Abstract


Decreased balance can cause various obstacles and can cause injury to the elderly, one of which is falling. Falls cause hip fractures and more serious injuries such as head injuries. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the Otago home exercise. The research sample consisted of 30 respondents who were divided into the treatment group who received the Otago home exercise programme (OHEP) training as many as 15 respondents and the control group who received the balance strategy exercise (BSE) training as many as 15 respondents. After training 3 times/week for 4 weeks results were obtained, the difference in the average increase in dynamic balance was analyzed by paired sample t test before and after the intervention in the OHEP group with a p=0.000 (p<0.05) and the BSE group with a p=0.000 (p<0.05) which means that there is a significant difference in the increase in dynamic balance before and after training. Independent t test obtained p=0.000 (p<0.05) which means there is a significant difference between the two groups. The average percentage increase in dynamic balance in the OHEP group was greater than the BSE group with a difference of 12.36%. In conclusion based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the provision of the OHEP is better at improving dynamic balance than the BSE in the elderly.


Keywords


Elderly, Dynamic balance, OHEP me, Balance strategy exercise, Timed up and go test

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