Prevalence of nutritional deficiencies other than anaemia among students of government commerce college of Gandhinagar, Gujarat: a cross sectional study
Keywords:College students, Students’ health, Nutritional deficiencies, Vitamin deficiencies, Protein-energy malnutrition
Background: Adolescence and young adulthood are periods of critical development and transition. Adolescent constitutes over 23% of the population in India. Nutrition and health needs of the adolescent are more because of more requirements for growth spurt and increase in physical activity. The aim was to study prevalence of nutritional deficiencies other than anaemia among students of Government Commerce College.
Methods: The study was carried by Medicine Department, GMERS Medical College, Gandhinagar, India during period from July 2016 to August 2016 in purposively selected government college of Gandhinagar city. After taking the permission of principal of college and consent of the students, 421 students were examined for signs of various nutritional deficiencies other than anaemia. The data was collected by predesigned, pretested proforma and analyzed using SPSS 17.0 (Trial Version).
Results: Out of total 421 students 205 (48.6%) were female. Mean age of the study students was 19.8±1.66 years. Maximum numbers of the students were in the age group of 18-21 years (60.5%). Mean age of female and male students was 19.7±1.79 years and 19.9±2.01 years respectively. The study revealed that vitamin A deficiency was present in 28 (7.0%) students. Vitamin B complex deficiency signs were seen in 96 (23.1%) students. Vitamin C deficiency signs were seen in 44 (10.5%) students. PEM was observed in 55 (13.2%) students. Essential fatty acid deficiency was observed in 60 (14.4%) students.
Conclusions: High prevalence of nutritional deficiencies among these students needs great attention and health education.
Thakor N, Shukla A, Bala DV, Vala M, Ninama R. Health status of students of primary and secondary boarding colleges of Gandhinagar district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3:866-9.
Prasad KR. College Health. Indian J Comm Med. 2005;30(4):109-10.
Kishore J. Adolescent health. In, National Health Programme of India, 8th edition, New Delhi, Century Publications. 2009;176-179.
Srinivasan K, Prabhu G R. A Study of The Morbidity Status of Students In Social Welfare Hostels In Tirupati Town. Indian J Comm Med. 2006;31(3):51-6.
Panda P, Benjamin AI, Singh S, Zacharia P. Health status of college students in Ludhiana city. Indian J Comm Med. 2000;4:150-5.
Deb S, Dutta S. Relationship of personal hygiene with nutrition and morbidity profile: a study among primary college childern in south Kolkata. Indian J Comm Med. 2010;35(2):282-4.
Chandna S, Sehgal S. Prevalence of deficiency diseases among college students. Health arid Population Perspective and Issues. 1994;17(1):108-113.
Rema N, Vasanthamani G. Prevalence of nutrition and lifestyle disorders among college going students in urban and rural areas of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. Indian J Science Technology. 2011;4(2):131-40.
Park K. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine 21st edition, 2010;978-81.