DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20223081
Published: 2022-11-25

Awareness, knowledge and practice of contact lens use among medical students

Mahima Thiraviam, Vinisha Kumaresan, Anuradha P.

Abstract


Background: Contact lens are thin optical lenses that are commonly used for correcting refractive errors. They are available in various materials, types, and colors. The complications associated with contact lens usage are allergic conjunctivitis, keratitis, and neovascularization. These complications arise with a lack of proper practice and knowledge about contact lens. In our study, we assess the awareness, knowledge, and practice of contact lens use among medical students of Saveetha medical college and hospital. Study design was cross-sectional study. Place of study was Saveetha medical college and hospital, Thandalam, Chennai.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on contact lens users among medical students. A total of 100 contact lens users participated in the study of which 70 were females and 30 were males. The study was done using pretested semi-structured questionnaire. The data were collected, tabulated, and analyzed using SPSS version 25 software.

Result: There is a female predominance with about 70%. Most of the participants use contact lens for both cosmetic and refractive errors. About 91% of students use soft contact lens. Nearly 70% of students are not aware of overwear syndrome. Problems faced by contact lens wearers include dryness, eye discomfort, pain, watering, and redness.

Conclusions: The lack of proper practice, knowledge, and awareness of contact lens use even in those knowledgeable like medical students increases the risk of complications. Thus, there is a need to provide more education to consumers.


Keywords


Contact lens, Practice, Knowledge, Medical students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Unnikrishnan B, Hussain S. Pattern of use of contact lens among college students: A cross-sectional study in coastal Karnataka. Ind J Ophthalmol. 2009;57(6):467.

Giri PA, Chavan WM, Phalke DB, Bangal SV. Knowledge and practice of contact lens wear and care among contact lens users medical students of rural medical college, Loni, Maharashtra, India. Int J Biol Med Res. 2012;3(1):1385-7.

Tajunisah I, Reddy SC, Phuah SJ. Knowledge and practice of contact lens wear and care among medical students of University of Malaya. Med J Malaysia. 2008;63(3):207-10.

Suchecki JK, Donshik P, Ehlers WH. Contact lens complications. Ophthalmol Clin N Am. 2003;16(3):471-84.

Kumar V, Yousef D. Importance of compliance in contact lens wear-a study to assess the knowledge and practices among contact lens users for a healthy vision. ResearchGate. 2013;1-7

Roberts A, Kaye AE, Kaye RA, Tu K, Kaye SB. Informed consent and medical devices: the case of the contact lens. British journal of ophthalmology. 2005;89(6):782-3.

Noushad B, Saoji Y, Bhakat P, Thomas J. Contact lens compliance among a group of young, university-based lens users in South India. Aus Med J. 2012;5(3):168.

Ibrahim YW, Boase DL, Cree IA. How could contact lens wearers be at risk of Acanthamoeba infection? A review. J Optometr. 2009;2(2):60-6.

Lee YC, Lim CW, Saw SM, Koh D. The prevalence and pattern of contact lens use in a Singapore community. The CLAO journal: official publication of the Contact Lens Association of Ophthalmologists, Inc. 2000;26(1):21-5.

Feys J. Rules and regulations concerning contact lens-related infection. Journal francais d'ophtalmologie. 2004;27(4):420-3.

Khoo CY. 101 Questions and answers about contact lens. Singapore: P.G. Publishing. 1985.

Hartstein J, Swanson KV, Harris CR. Complications of the “Marathon” or extended-wear contact lens. Contemporary Contact Lens Practice. USA: Mosby-Year Book. 1991;154-59.

Vidotti VG, Kamegasawa A. Profile of medical students from the Universidade Estadual Paulista-UNESP-Botucatu, who wear contact lenses. Arquivos brasileiros de oftalmologia. 2006;69(2):197-201.