The percentage of hepatitis B virus infection and related factors in Tra Vinh province, Vietnam

Authors

  • Tào Gia Phú Department of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh city, Vietnam
  • Huynh Thi Hong Nhung Department of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh city, Vietnam
  • Huynh Thi Hong Ngoc Department of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh city, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Thi Mong Trinh Department of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh city, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Thi Ngoan Department of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tra Vinh University, Tra Vinh city, Vietnam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20230156

Keywords:

HBV, Prevention, Tra Vinh, Vaccination, Vietnam

Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection continues to be a public health problem in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the percentage of hepatitis B virus infection and related factors among adult population in Tra Vinh Province, Vietnam 2022.

Methods: The study applied the cross-sectional descriptive design with the combination of structured interview and serological blood tests, from September 1, 2021, to June 1, 2022.

Results: There were 1,289 respondents in the study. Overall, the percentage of sample positive reaction with HBsAg were 7.68% (99 peoples). Most of the people did not likely have relatives with a family history of hepatitis B virus infection, the proportion of people who had household family members who had hepatitis B, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cirrhosis was 1.24%, 0.93%, and 2.48% respectively. People who did not preventive vaccination for hepatitis B virus had higher rates of HBsAg (+) than people get preventive vaccination, with p=0.005. However, in other medical practice, the rate of HBsAg was non-significance, such as blood transfusion, surgery, dental treatment, injecting medications, and injected skin boils. The percentage of hepatitis B virus infection in the study was not significantly associated with hepatitis B prevention practices in daily life, including acupuncture, sharing shavers, sharing toothbrushes, sharing nail tools, and spraying tattoo.

Conclusions: The percentage of hepatitis B virus infection in Tra Vinh province was 7.68%. There was a statistically significant relationship between the incidence of hepatitis B with preventive vaccination for the hepatitis B virus.

References

World Health Organization. Global hepatitis report. WHO: Geneva; 2017.

Vietnam Ministry of Public Health (2019), Diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis B, No.3310/QĐ-BYT, Ha Noi.

Huynh Thi Hong Nhung, Tao Gia Phu, et al (11/2022), Knowledge and factors associated with chronic Hepatitis B infection among adults people in Tra Vinh Province - Vietnam, Vietnam Medical Journal, 520 (1B);97-102.

Duong TH, Nguyen PH, Henley K, Peters M. Risk factors for hepatitis B infection in rural Vietnam. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2008;10(1):97-102

Tram TV, Hai TT. The percentage of hepatitis B virus infection and related factors in Tien Giang provice- Vietnam. Vietnam Med J. 2015;20(6):42-9.

Diem TLT, Thanh BN. The percentage of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and related factors in southern Khmer ethnicity from 18 to 60 years old in Vietnam in 2021. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2021;20(12):8-12.

Phu TG, Nhung HTH. The relationship between baseline CD4 T cell’s level and recovery rate after initiation of ART in HIV/AIDS infected at Hospital for Tropical diseases, Vietnam. Asian J Pharm Clin Res. 2020;13(10):58-61.

Fujiyama S, Kawano S, Sato S. (2011), A survey of antibodies to hepatitis C virus in Jakarta, Japan. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011;49:35-439.

WHO. Hepatitis B, Global HIV, Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Infections Programmes. Geneva; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/teams/global-hiv-hepatitis-and-stis-programmes/overview. Accessed on 4 December 2021.

Thanh PN, Tho NT, Phu TD, Dai Quang T, Duong NT, Chien VC, et al. Prevalence and factors associated with chronic Hepatitis B infection among adults in the Central Highland, Vietnam. AIMS Med Sci. 2020;7(4):337-46.

Downloads

Published

2023-01-25

How to Cite

Phú, T. G., Huynh Thi Hong Nhung, Huynh Thi Hong Ngoc, Nguyen Thi Mong Trinh, & Nguyen Thi Ngoan. (2023). The percentage of hepatitis B virus infection and related factors in Tra Vinh province, Vietnam. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(2), 476–479. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20230156

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles