DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20162318

A study on relationship of facebook and game addictive behaviour with personality traits among medical students

Vijay Kumar Saini, Girish Chandra Baniya, K. K. Verma, Aditya Soni, Santosh Kumar Kesharwani

Abstract


Background: Use of social networking sites and playing internet games are more common web activities among adolescents. Students are more prone to internet abuse for several reasons- natural affinity towards internet, free and unlimited access, flexible schedules, and freedom from parental interference and psychological immaturity.  The aim was to study on relationship of facebook and game addictive behaviour with personality characteristics among medical students.

Methods: This was a cross sectional observational study, carried out on 140 medical students. All the students were taken randomly. Assessment of sociodemographic details was done with the help of semi-structured performa, bergen facebook addiction scale, game addiction scale and big five inventory were used to see facebook and game addictive behavior and personality traits. Statistical analysis used for comparison of dichotomous variables chi-square test. Correlation and Linear regression was applied to see association. Data analysis was done with the help of statistical software SPSS 23. 0.

Results: Mean score of facebook addiction scale among medical students was 39.94 (S.D. 13.133) and mean score of Game addiction scale was 11.19 (S.D. 04.966). It was found that agreeableness (β= -0.275, p=0.000) and extraversion (β = -0.368, p = 0.000) displayed significant associations with FB Total. While neuroticism (β=0.277, p=0.001) and agreeableness (β= -0.177, p=0.029) displayed significant associations with game addictive behavior.

Conclusions: In our study we conclude that students with high agreeableness, high neuroticism and low extraversion were more related with Facebook and game addictive behavior. Extraversion was the most powerful predictor of Facebook addiction and neuroticism for gaming addiction.

 


Keywords


Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Neuroticism, Internet addictions, Five-factor model of personality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Muller KW, Beutel ME, Egloff B, Wolfling K. Investigating risk factors for Internet gaming disorder: a comparison of patients with addictive gaming, pathological gamblers and healthy controls regarding the big five personality traits. European addiction research. 2014;20:129-36.

Stieger S, Burger C, Bohn M, Voracek M. Who commits virtual identity suicide? Differences in privacy concerns, Internet addiction, and personality between Facebook users and quitters. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. 2013;16:629-34.

Srijampana VVGR, Endreddy AR, Prabhath K, Rajana B. Prevalence and patterns of internet addiction among medical students. Medical Journal of Dr DY Patil University. 2014;7:709.

Black DW, Grant JE, American Psychiatric A. DSM-5 guidebook: the essential companion to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. 2014.

Zaremohzzabieh Z, Samah BA, Omar SZ, Bolong J, Akhtar N, Kamarudin NA. Addictive Facebook use among university students. Asian Soc Sci. 2014;10:107-16.

Rehbein F, Kleimann M, Mossle T. Prevalence and risk factors of video game dependency in adolescence: results of a German nationwide survey. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. 2010;13:269-77.

Wang CW, Ho RT, Chan CL, Tse S. Exploring personality characteristics of Chinese adolescents with internet-related addictive behaviors: trait differences for gaming addiction and social networking addiction. Addictive behaviors. 2015;42:32-5.

Gentile D. Pathological video-game use among youth ages 8 to 18: a national study. Psychological science. 2009;20:594-602.

Wan CS, Chiou WB. Why are adolescents addicted to online gaming? An interview study in Taiwan. Cyberpsychology & behavior: the impact of the Internet, multimedia and virtual reality on behavior and society. Europe PMC. 2006;9:762-6.

10. Ko CH, Yen JY, Chen CC, Chen SH, Yen CF. Gender differences and related factors affecting online gaming addiction among Taiwanese adolescents. The Journal of nervous and mental disease. 2005; 193:273-7.

Kim J, Haridakis PM. The Role of Internet User Characteristics and Motives in Explaining Three Dimensions of Internet Addiction. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 2009;14:988-1015.

Andreassen CS, Griffiths MD, Gjertsen SR, Krossbakken E, Kvam S, Pallesen S. The relationships between behavioral addictions and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of behavioral addictions. 2013;2:90-9.

Pawlikowski M, Nader IW, Burger C, Stieger S, Brand M. Pathological Internet use – It is a multidimensional and not a unidimensional construct. Addiction Research & Theory. 2014;22:166-75.

Landers RN, Lounsbury JW. An investigation of Big Five and narrow personality traits in relation to Internet usage. Computers in Human Behavior. 2006; 22:283-93.

McCrae RR, Costa JPT, Martin TA. The NEO–PI–3: A More Readable Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of Personality Assessment. 2005; 84:261-70.

Wilson K, Fornasier S, White KM. Psychological predictors of young adults' use of social networking sites. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. 2010;13:173-7.

Amichai-Hamburger Y, Vinitzky G. Social network use and personality. Computers in Human Behavior. 2010;26:1289-95.

Ross C, Orr ES, Sisic M, Arseneault JM, Simmering MG, Orr RR. Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior. 2009;25:578-86.

Cao F, Su L. Internet addiction among Chinese adolescents: prevalence and psychological features. Child: care, health and development. 2007;33:275-81.

Andreassen CS, Griffiths MD, Gjertsen SR, Krossbakken E, Kvam S, Pallesen S. The relationships between behavioral addictions and the five-factor model of personality. Journal of behavioral addictions. 2013;2:90-9.

Shinde VR, Parandin S. Personality Factors among Internet Addicted and Non-internet Addicted Iranian and Indian Students. International Journal of Psychology and Counseling. 2013;3:7-12.

Dong G, Wang J, Yang X, Zhou H. Risk personality traits of Internet addiction: a longitudinal study of Internet-addicted Chinese university students. Asia-Pacific psychiatry: official journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists. 2013;5:316-21.

van der Aa N, Overbeek G, Engels RC, Scholte RH, Meerkerk GJ, Van den Eijnden RJ. Daily and compulsive internet use and well-being in adolescence: a diathesis-stress model based on big five personality traits. Journal of youth and adolescence. 2009;38:765-76.

Xiuqin H, Huimin Z, Mengchen L, Jinan W, Ying Z, Ran T. Mental health, personality, and parental rearing styles of adolescents with Internet addiction disorder. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. 2010;13:401-6.

Floros G, Siomos K. Excessive Internet use and personality traits. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports. 2014;1:19-26.

Mehroof M, Griffiths MD. Online gaming addiction: the role of sensation seeking, self-control, neuroticism, aggression, state anxiety, and trait anxiety. Cyberpsychology, behavior and social networking. 2010;13:313-6.

Tan WK, Yang CY. Personality trait predictors of usage of Internet services. Int Conf Econ Bus Innovation. 2012.

Mahmood UF. Facebook addiction: A Study of Big-Five Factors and Academic Performance amongst Students of IUB. Global Journal of Management and Business Research. 2014;14.

La Sala L, Skues J, Grant S. Personality Traits and Facebook Use: The Combined/Interactive Effect of Extraversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. Social Networking. 2014;3:211.

Kuss DJ, Griffiths MD, Binder JF. Internet addiction in students: Prevalence and risk factors. Computers in Human Behavior. 2013;29:959-66.

Müller KW, Koch A, Dickenhorst U, Beutel ME, Duven E, et al. Addressing the Question of Disorder-Specific Risk Factors of Internet Addiction: A Comparison of Personality Traits in Patients with Addictive Behaviors and Comorbid Internet Addiction. BioMed Research International. 2013;2013:7.

Bahrainian SA, Alizadeh KH, Raeisoon MR, Gorji OH, Khazaee A. Relationship of Internet addiction with self-esteem and depression in university students. Journal of preventive medicine and hygiene. 2014;55:86-9.

Tsitsika A, Janikian M, Schoenmakers TM, Tzavela EC, Olafsson K, Wójcik S, et al. Internet addictive behavior in adolescence: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 2014;17:528-35.

Jimenez-Murcia S, Fernandez-Aranda F, Granero R, Choliz M, La Verde M, Aguglia E, et al. Video game addiction in gambling disorder: clinical, psychopathological, and personality correlates. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:315062.