Occupational stress and burnout among young surgeons: a review


  • Dhivakar S. Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
  • Ankit Rai Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
  • Harindra Sandhu Department of General Surgery, LLRM Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Asish Das Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
  • Ram Prasad Subedi Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
  • Kamireddy Madana Raghava Reddy Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India




COVID-19, Burnout, Surgical residency, Pandemic, Surgeon


A surgeon's lifestyle is a multifaceted commitment that revolves around their workplace, physical, personal, emotional, and communal domains. Surgical training programs are competitive and challenging to match and provide a sense of gratification among medical school trainees. But they also report a much higher level of burnout when compared to their peers from other specialities. Workplace burnout has been a scorching issue since the COVID pandemic broke out in 2019. We did this review to understand the factors leading to workplace burnout, identify any East-West differences, and find possible solutions. We also tried to find the role of COVID-19 in worsening occupational stress among surgeons. We searched the PubMed and SCOPUS databases for studies between January 2000 to January 2022 on burnout, well-being, wellness, and practice improvement among surgeons. The search included studies on COVID-19 that were available either as full-text papers or abstracts. Burnout has affected younger surgeons owing to loss of professional control, inefficient work-life balance, administrative burdens, medico-legal problems, and the competitive nature of the job and tiresome training programs. Burnout is more common in South-Asian countries. Workplace stressors, including long hours and difficult interactions with co-workers, are linked to greater levels of burnout. The COVID-19 pandemic has only made matters worse.


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How to Cite

Dhivakar S., Rai, A., Sandhu, H., Das, A., Subedi, R. P., & Reddy, K. M. R. (2023). Occupational stress and burnout among young surgeons: a review. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(3), 1050–1055. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20230342



Review Articles