Perinatal outcome of pregnancies with previous stillbirth: a prospective case control study in tertiary care center

Authors

  • Snehal Lede Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
  • Moushmi Parpillewar Tadas Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20233374

Keywords:

Rare congenital anomaly, Congenital anomaly, Fetal growth restriction, Neonatal death, Superior lateral genicular artery

Abstract

Background: Aim was to examine the association between stillbirth in first pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcome in second pregnancy. To determine risk factors causing recurrent stillbirth.

Methods: This study was conducted at Government Medical College, and hospital, Nagpur. It was prospective case control study with cases as patients who had stillbirth in previous pregnancy and control as patient who had live birth in previous pregnancy.

Results: There was 10 fold increased risk of recurrent stillbirth in cases compared to control. Preeclampsia was major risk factor followed by placental abruption; congenital anomaly and preterm labour were responsible for recurrent stillbirth.

Conclusions: History of stillbirth in first pregnancy is associated with adverse perinatal outcome in form of recurrent stillbirth, increased NICU admission and neonatal death. Risk reduction by elimination of risk factor, proper antenatal surveillance and close monitoring during labour helps to reduce recurrent stillbirth.

References

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Published

2023-10-30

How to Cite

Lede, S., & Parpillewar Tadas , M. (2023). Perinatal outcome of pregnancies with previous stillbirth: a prospective case control study in tertiary care center. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(11), 4056–4061. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20233374

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Original Research Articles