Clinical approach, diagnosis and medical management of acute pancreatitis among patients attending tertiary care hospital in Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh, India

Authors

  • Nikhitha Konda Department of Gastroenterology, Vijaya Sree Hospitals Gastro and Liver Care Centre, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • D. Venkateswarlu Department of Gastroenterology, Vijaya Sree Hospitals Gastro and Liver Care Centre, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • B. Thirumala Rao Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • V. Suresh Department of Gastroenterology, Vijaya Sree Hospitals Gastro and Liver Care Centre, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Aamani Shaik Department of Gastroenterology, Vijaya Sree Hospitals Gastro and Liver Care Centre, Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • D. Manasa Department of Medical and Health, Primary Healthcare Centre, Maddipadu, Andhra Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20232112

Keywords:

Acute pancreatitis, Clinical profile, Treatment, Outcome

Abstract

Background: There has been an increase in the incidence of acute pancreatitis reported globally and despite of improvements in access to care and interventional techniques, acute pancreatitis continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The present study was aimed to assess the clinical profile of acute pancreatitis and to assess the efficacy of various severity indices in view of   outcome of patients.

Methods: A hospital based prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2022-March 2023 in Gastro and Liver care center in Ongole, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh India. All consecutive 72 patients with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis were included in this study.

Results: Out of total acute Pancreatitis cases   61 (84.7%) were males and 11 (15.3%) were females and acute abdominal pain (97.2%) and decreased appetite (95.8%) were the most common presenting complaints, 54.2% cases were due to Alcoholism, followed by hyperlipidemia with 20.8% and Gall stones 13.9%.  All 72 (100%) received pancreatic supplements, 68 (94.4%) were given pain killers, and 65 (90.3%) were taken anti-ulcer agents. Twenty-three (31.9%) patients with 0 to 3 points as per CTSI Score and 4-6 range points were observed in 47 (65.3%) pancreatitis patients. Maximum (40.3%) were improved on 2nd day, 22 (30.6%) were on 3rd day.  Positive correlation noticed between Amylase and in diagnosing acute Pancreatitis, it is significant at 0.05 level.

Conclusions: Early assessment of the clinical severity and identification of patients at risk is important for early intensive management and timely intervention and to improve quality of life. So, it is mandatory to assess the clinical severity using different scoring systems. and appropriate treatment based on guidelines.

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Published

2023-06-30

How to Cite

Konda, N., Venkateswarlu, D., Rao, B. T., Suresh, V., Shaik, A., & Manasa, D. (2023). Clinical approach, diagnosis and medical management of acute pancreatitis among patients attending tertiary care hospital in Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(7), 2631–2638. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20232112

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