Prevalence and causes of blindness in patients coming to a tertiary eye care centre in western Uttar Pradesh

Authors

  • Manu Priya Department of Ophthalmology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India https://orcid.org/0009-0008-9094-9311
  • Neelima Mehrotra Department of Ophthalmology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Shipra Tripathi Department of Ophthalmology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Kunwar G. Singh Department of Ophthalmology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Ram M. Mishra Department of Ophthalmology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Aastha Agarwal Department of Ophthalmology, Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institute of Medical Sciences, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20232433

Keywords:

Blindness, Prevalence, Cataract, Corneal diseases

Abstract

Background: Objective of the research was to study the prevalence of blindness in adult patients coming to a tertiary eye care centre in Western Uttar Pradesh and assess their causes.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on adult patients coming to the outpatient department of a tertiary eye care centre over a period of 3 months and 375 patients were identified as having blindness. Complete ophthalmological examination was conducted to find out the cause for the same.

Results: The prevalence of blindness was found out to be 4.096%. The major causes for blindness in adults were identified as cataract (33.06%), glaucoma (13.6%), ARMD (5.6%), diabetic retinopathy (5.06%), corneal scar/opacity/dystrophy (26.93%), amblyopia (3.2%) and trauma (2.13%).

Conclusions: Knowledge of prevalence of blindness in a region is important in developing and implementing eye care services. Avoidable blindness needs to be identified and treated as soon as possible.

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Published

2023-07-29

How to Cite

Priya, M., Mehrotra, N., Tripathi, S., Singh, K. G., Mishra, R. M., & Agarwal, A. (2023). Prevalence and causes of blindness in patients coming to a tertiary eye care centre in western Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(8), 2982–2985. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20232433

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Original Research Articles