Breast reconstruction: a review

Authors

  • Nicolás R. Brito-Brito Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Mexico, Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, CDMX, Mexico
  • Christian B. Castro-Jadán Department of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Monte Sinai, Azuay, Ecuador
  • Arturo Gómez-Alvarado Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Mexico, Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, CDMX, Mexico
  • Viviana E. Berrazueta-Peñaherrera Department of General Surgery, Latacunga General Hospital, Cotopaxi, Ecuador
  • Williams O. Ramírez-Miguel Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Mexico, Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, CDMX, Mexico
  • Paola A. Benítez Villacís Department of Public Health of Ecuador, Cangahua Health Center, Pichincha, Ecuador
  • Jana Zermeño-Torres Department of General Surgery, General Hospital of Mexico, Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, CDMX, Mexico
  • José H. Baeza Ramos Department of Plastic Surgery, Central University Hospital, Dr. Jesús Enrique Grajeda Herrera, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • José A. Velasco Cabrera Department of Plastic Surgery, Central University Hospital, Dr. Jesús Enrique Grajeda Herrera, Chihuahua, Mexico
  • Alan Isaac Valderrama-Treviño Department of Angiology, Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, General Hospital of Mexico, Dr. Eduardo Liceaga, CDMX, Mexico
  • Baltazar Barrera-Mera Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, UNAM, Mexico

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20232185

Keywords:

Breast reconstruction, Mastectomy, Local tissue rearrangement, Oncoplastic reduction mammoplasty, Microsurgical tissue transfers

Abstract

Surgeons in the late 19th - 20th century performed radical mastectomies as the only possible treatment for breast cancers. Since then, the medical-surgical/scientific community has been constantly encouraged to develop and study different less invasive alternatives in breast reconstruction. Over time, locoregional perforator flap options have served as practical alternatives to implant-based reconstruction and abdominal flaps, especially in the setting of patients who have received radiation therapy or have a history of failed reconstruction, as they effectively fill the missing volume and respect the musculature of the donor site. Breast reconstruction using strategies with one of the different locoregional flaps can preserve the musculature and innervation of the post-mastectomy site, which manages to reduce possible adverse events. In addition to evaluating the anatomical characteristics of the defect and affected quadrant, it is essential to assess the patient's body constitution and the skills of the surgical team as well as microsurgery training when designing a reconstructive plan. Different research protocols should be developed in the study and development of new medical-surgical therapeutic alternatives; we suggest joint development with tissue engineering.

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Published

2023-07-20

How to Cite

Brito-Brito, N. R., Castro-Jadán, C. B., Gómez-Alvarado, A., Berrazueta-Peñaherrera, V. E., Ramírez-Miguel, W. O., Benítez Villacís, P. A., Zermeño-Torres, J., Baeza Ramos, J. H., Velasco Cabrera, J. A., Valderrama-Treviño, A. I., & Barrera-Mera, B. (2023). Breast reconstruction: a review. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(8), 3095–3099. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20232185

Issue

Section

Review Articles