Status of vitamin D and disease pattern among sedentary adults 18-60 years attending a selected institution in Dhaka city

Authors

  • Mohammad Shahidul Islam Department of Epidemiology, Bangladesh University of Health Science, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • M. Younus Ali Department of Biochemistry, Ibn Sina Diagnostics and Consultation Center, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Ripon Chandra Shil Department of Microbiology, National Institute of Neuroscience and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • M. Ranzu Ahmed Department of Chemistry, Bangladesh University of Health Science, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20233010

Keywords:

Body Mass Index, Vitamin D, Higher secondary certificate, Medical condition, Sedentary adults

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health concern affecting individuals across all the age groups in both the genders. It is an essential element that is essential for the production, regulation and absorption of calcium and phosphorus by the human body, as well as for the proper maintenance of teeth and bones and to make your immune system work. Vitamin D is not actually a vitamin; it falls under the pro-hormone category. Because the human body is perfectly capable of producing vitamin D on its own when exposed to sunlight, and vitamins are the type of nutrients that the body cannot or cannot produce automatically, that we consume through dietary supplements.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study the sample size was 369. Vitamin D level of all the participants was estimated by using an ADVIA Centaur XPT stem designed to perform continuous operations immunoassay methods. The data were processed to undergo statistical analysis using SPSS 23 windows program. Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel were used to represent the tabular, charts and graphical icon.

Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency exhibited a medical condition increment in both the males and females. This study had clear association was observed using bivariate analysis for any of the three chronic conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease and osteomalacia where (p=0.021), (p=0.039) and (p=0.000) explored in the current study with severe deficiency status.

Conclusions: Vitamin D deficiency was prevalent even in apparently healthy young individuals; this study is suggestive of a higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among young adults, females, Bangladeshi nationality and those with higher BMI.

References

Vitamin D. Lybrate. Available from: https://www.lybrate.com/bn/medicine/vitamin-d. Accessed on 1 May 2023.

Freedman DM, Looker AC, Chang SC, Graubard BI. Prospective study of serum vitamin D and cancer mortality in the United States. J Nat Cancer Inst. 2007;99:1594-602.

Canadian nutrient file. Ottawa (on): health Canada, 1997. Available from: www. hcsc. c. ca/ fn- an/ nutrition/ fiche- nutri- data/ index_ e. html. Accessed on 1 May 2023.

Bassil D, Rahme M, Hoteit M, Fuleihan GE. Hypovitaminosis D in the Middle East and North Africa: prevalence, risk factors and impact on outcomes. Dermato-endocrinol. 2013;5(2):274-98.

Wortsman J, Matsuoka LY, Chen TC, et al. Decreased bioavailability of vitamin D in obesity. Am J ClinNutr. 2000;72:690-3.

Thacher TD, Clarke BL. Vitamin D insufficiency. Mayo Clin Proceed. 2011;86(1):50-60.

William Reed Business Media Ltd. Midday sun is good for vitamin D levels, say scientists. Available from: https://www.nutraingredients.com/Article/ 2005/05/27/Midday-sun-is-good-for-vitamin-D-levels-say-scientists. Accessed on 1 May 2023.

Holick MF. Sunlight and vitamin D for bone health and prevention of autoimmune diseases, cancers, and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80:1678S-88.

Ardawi MS, Sibiany AM, Bakhsh TM, Qari MH, Maimani AA. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among healthy Saudi Arabian men: relationship to bone mineral density, parathyroid hormone, bone turnover markers, and lifestyle factors. Osteoporos Int. 2012;23:675-86.

Badawi A, Arora P, Sadoun E. Prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in Qatar: a 282 systematic review. J Public health Res 2012;1:36.

Allali F, El Aichaoui S, Khazani H, Benyahia B, Saoud B, El Kabbaj Set al. High prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in Morocco: relationship to lifestyle, physical performance, bone markers, and bone mineral density. Semin Arth Rheum. 2009;38(6):444-51.

Yammine K, Al Adham H. The status of serum vitamin D in the population of the United Arab Emirates. East Mediterr Health J. 2016;22:682-6.

Nichols EK, Khatib IM, Aburto NJ, Sullivan KM, Scanlon KS, Wirth JP, et al. Vitamin D status and determinants of deficiency among non-pregnant Jordanian women of reproductive age. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2012;66(6):751-6.

Mithal A, Wahl DA, Bonjour JP, Burckhardt P, Dawson-Hughes B, Eisman JA, et al. Global vitamin D status and determinants of hypovitaminosis D. Osteoporos int. 2009;20:1807-20.

Forrest KYZ, Stuhldreher WL. Prevalence and correlates of vitamin D deficiency in US adults. Nutr Res. 2011;31:48-54.

Martins D, Wolf M, Pan D, Zadshir A, Tareen N, Thadhani R, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in the United States: data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(11):1159-65.

Baradaran A, Behradmanesh S, Nasri H. Association of body mass index and serum vitamin D level in healthy Iranian adolescents. Endokrynol Pol. 2012;63:29-33.

Wortsman J, Matsuoka LY, Chen TC, Lu Z, Holick MF. Decreased bioavailability of vitamin D in obesity. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000;72(3):690-3.

Downloads

Published

2023-09-29

How to Cite

Islam, M. S., Ali, M. Y., Shil, R. C., & Ranzu Ahmed, M. (2023). Status of vitamin D and disease pattern among sedentary adults 18-60 years attending a selected institution in Dhaka city. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(10), 3618–3623. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20233010

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles