Comparative analysis of pregnancy complications: primigravida versus multigravida


  • Fiza Amin Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Skims Medical College and Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Tavseef A. Tali Department of Radiation Oncology, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Rifat Ara Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Skims Medical College and Hospital, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Huda Amin Department of Paediatrics, Government Medical College, Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir, India



Primigravida, Multigravida, Obstetric complication


Background: The study aimed to compare the outcome of pregnancies in a primigravida with multigravida.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in Skims Medical College, Srinagar between May 2017 to December 2018 in which hospital records of 135 patients who delivered during the study period were analysed.

Results: Majority of primigravida mothers falls in 21-30 years of age group 34 (54.83%), whereas 46 (65.75%) of multigravida were in 31-40 years. Incidence rate of gestational hypertension, gestational diabetes, post-partum haemorrhage, placenta previa, oligohydramnios, pre term labour, intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was higher in primigravida when compared to multigravida.

Conclusions: Despite the fact that primigravida had the majority of the issues, both groups experienced considerable issues. Therefore, in order to promote maternal health, women should get information about appropriate medical care as well as counselling. It will help to prevent unfavourable pregnancy outcomes.


Gilbert WM, Danielsen B. Pregnancy outcomes associated with intrauterine growth restriction. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188(6):1596-9.

Magee L, von Dadelszen P. Prevention and treatment of postpartum hypertension. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(4):CD004351.

Prakash J, Pandey LK, Singh AK, Kar B. Hypertension in pregnancy: hospital-based study. J Assoc Physicians India. 2006;54:273-8.

Kusum S, Maharshi A, Mande S, Shiradkar S. Outcome of Pregnancies in a Primigravida as Compared to Multigravida in a Tertiary Care Hospital. MedPulse Int J Gynaecol. 2017;4(3):41-3.

Chami H, Gueye M, Ndiaye M, Wade M, Diouf A, Diakhate A, et al. Relation between Obstetric Outcome and Parity. Open J Obstetr Gynecol. 2019;9:894-903.

Hashim N, Naqvi S, Khanam M, Jafry HF. Primiparity as an intrapartum obstetric risk factor. J Pak Med Assoc. 2012;62(7):694-8.

Kalaivani K. Prevalence & consequences of anaemia in pregnancy. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130(5):627-33.

Adekanle DA, Isawumi AI. Late Antenatal Care Booking And Its Predictors Among Pregnant Women In South Western Nigeria. Online J Health Allied Scs. 2008;7(1):4.

Long PA, Abell DA, Beischer NA. Parity and pre-eclampsia. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 1979;19(4):203-6.

Nichols MR, Roux GM, Harris NR. Primigravid and multigravid women: prenatal perspectives. J Perinat Educ. 2007;16(2):21-32.

Acharya D, Nagraj K, Nair NS, Bhat HV. Maternal determinants of intrauterine growth retardation: A case control study in Udupi District, Karnataka. Indian J Comm Med. 2004;29:181.

Ojiyi E, Anozie U, Dike E, Okeudo C, Anolue F, Uzoma O, et al. Pregnancy Outcome in Primigravidae in A Tertiary Hospital: A Three-Year Review. Int J Gynecol Obstetr. 2012;16(1).

Prazuck T, Tall F, Roisin AJ. Risk Factors for Preterm Delivery in Burkina Faso (West Africa). Int J Epidemiol. 1993;22:489-94.




How to Cite

Amin, F., Tali, T. A., Ara, R., & Amin, H. (2023). Comparative analysis of pregnancy complications: primigravida versus multigravida. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 11(9), 3253–3255.



Original Research Articles