An autopsy study of road traffic accident cases at tertiary care center, Mandya, Karnataka

Authors

  • Rakshitha B. M. Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, B. G. Nagar, Mandya, Karnataka, India
  • Chinmayi Y. Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, B. G. Nagar, Mandya, Karnataka, India
  • Vijay Kumar Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, B. G. Nagar, Mandya, Karnataka, India
  • Kumar U. Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, B. G. Nagar, Mandya, Karnataka, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20233991

Keywords:

Demographic profile, Head injury, Road traffic accident

Abstract

Background: Road traffic accidents represent a pervasive global crisis resulting in the loss of millions of lives and countless injuries annually. According to the world health organization (WHO), over 1.3 million people die in road traffic accident every year, and an additional 20-50 million are injured or disabled. Objective was to study the demographic patterns in these cases of RTA in and around AIMS B. G. Nagar, India.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study of all medico legal necropsies of road traffic accidents, Data was collected between January 2022 to June 2023 at the mortuary of the department of forensic medicine and toxicology, AIMS, B. G. Nagar, and Karnataka, India. Collected data was analysed.

Results: During the study period 117 (40.20%) were road traffic accidents, according to this study road traffic accidents were more 30 (25.64%) in old age groups and males 105 (89.74%) were majorly affected. Majority of the accidents 41 (35%) predominantly occurred during evening to midnight hours on highways 65 (55.55%), light vehicles (37.61%) were most frequently engaged in road traffic accident and the most common site of injury was head 98 (83.76%), and cause of death was due to intracranial hemorrhages (49.57%) and among the pattern of intracranial hemorrhage we observed high number of (32.47%) combination of subdural hemorrhages and sub-arachnoid hemorrhages.

Conclusions: Through this study we want to create awareness and deploy safety measures to prevent RTA.

References

World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2020. Available at: https://www.who..int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/road-traffic-injuries. Accessed on 30 August 2023.

Ministry of road transport and highways, government of India, report on road accident in India. 2021. Available at: https://morth.nic.in/sites/default/files/RA_2021_Compressed.pdf. Accessed on 29 August 2023.

Road traffic accidents. National Crime Records Bureau (Ministry of Home Affairs). Available at: https://ncrb.gov.in/sites/default/files/ADSI-2021/adsi2021_Chapter-1A-Traffic-Accidents. Accessed on 31 August 2023.

The injury chart book: a graphical overview of the global burden of injuries. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2002. Available at: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/the-injury-chart-book-a-graphical-overview-of-the-global-burden-of-injuries. Accessed on 20 September 2023.

Farooqui JM, Chavan KD, Bangal RS, Syed MA, Thacker PJ, Alam S, et al. Pattern of injury in fatal road traffic accidents in a rural area of western Maharashtra, India. Australas Med J. 2013;6(9):476.

Badrinarayan Mishra B, Nidhi D Sinha ND, SK Sukhla SK, AK Sinha AK. Epidemiological study of road traffic accident cases from western Nepal. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(1):115-21.

Dsouza C, Rao VV, Kumar A, Diaz E. Epidemiological trends of trauma in tertiary care centre in Dakshina Kannada District of Karnataka, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(3):66-8.

Marak F, Sangma MM, Kumar G, Priyadarshini M. Pattern of injuries associated with deaths following road traffic accidents as seen in a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry. Indian J Forens Community Med. 2016;3(4):257-62.

Swarnkar M, Singh P, Dwivedi S. Pattern of trauma in central India: an epidemiological study with special reference to mode of injury. Internet J Epidemiol. 2009;9(1):1-7.

Kalaiselvana G, Dongre AR, Mahalakshmy T. Epidemiology of injury in rural Pondicherry, India. J Injury Violence Res. 2011;3(2):62.

Neeluri R, Anga VS. A study on victims of road traffic accidents attending casualty in a tertiary care hospital, Khammam. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2018;5(7):3034-8.

Narayan KA. Study of pattern and distribution of injuries in fatal road traffic accident cases autopsied at MIMS, Mandya. Indian J Forens Med Toxicol. 2020;14(3):357-60.

Prakash MJ, Koulapur VV, Hounnugar RS, Bannur V, Jirli PS, Mohite T, et al. Profile and pattern of mortality from road traffic accident- a cross sectional study in tertiary care hospital, Belgaum. Int J Dent Med Sci Res. 2023;5(2):835-40.

Garg N, Hyder AA. Road traffic injuries in India: a review of the literature. Scand J Public Health. 2006;34:100-9.

Raja NS, Chandra Sekar CJ, Madeshan A, Narasimha BC. An epidemiological study of road traffic accident cases attending a tertiary care hospital, BG Nagara, Mandya District, Karnataka State, India. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci. 2022;13(5):79-89.

Sonawane S, Jambure M. Patterns of head injuries in road traffic accidents- an autopsy study. Int J Curr Res. 2015;7(12):23733-7.

Downloads

Published

2023-12-28

How to Cite

B. M., R., Y., C., Kumar, V., & U., K. (2023). An autopsy study of road traffic accident cases at tertiary care center, Mandya, Karnataka. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 12(1), 153–158. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20233991

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles