DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20150156

Prevalence of multiple nutritional deficiencies among the street children of Khammam City of Telangana State

Aditya Suryabhan Berad, Ravi Kumar BP, Sampat Momula

Abstract


Background: To study the nutritional status of the street children in Khammam city.

Methods: Type of study: A prospective and descriptive study. Study Population: All the street children in the city who are less than 18 years of age. 3 Sample size: out of total 384 street children in the city, 250 were included in the study. Selection criteria: Children in different age groups of both sexes were selected. Data regarding nutritional and health status was collected by using pretested structured questionnaire after obtaining proper consent.

Results: A total of 250 street children were interviewed. Out of total 250 children included in the study 162 (68.4%) were undernourished (BMI< 18.5).157 (62.8%) were suffering from nutritional anaemia. 38 (15.2%) children had various symptoms of Vitamin A deficiency.( Night blindness 8%, conjunctival xerosis 1.2%, Bitots spots 6%).A total of 62 (24.7%) children had various symptoms of group B vitamins deficiencies.

Conclusion: There is an urgent need of coordination among development agents working for the rights of street children and information sharing among all stakeholders to enhance implementation strategies.


Keywords


Street children, multiple nutritional deficiencies

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