Published: 2017-01-09

An institution based cross-sectional study on medical rehabilitation of deaf and dumb children in Ahmedabad

Krunal G. Varia, Niti J. Talsania


Background: Hearing loss continues to be one of the most common birth defects in the world. But recent technological advances allow for identification of hearing loss soon after birth and management with various hearing aids. Present study gives baseline information on use and impact of hearing aids in deaf and dumb children.

Methods: It was an institution based cross-sectional study covering 687 children from 3 deaf and dumb institutes in Ahmedabad. Pre-design proforma was used to collect information on their grades of hearing loss, use of hearing aid, cochlear implant, etc. Data was analysed in Epi-info 7.

Results: Out of Total 687 deaf and dumb children there were 415 (60.41%) boys and 272 (39.59%) girls. All children had gone through audiometry. 513 (74.67%) children were visiting ENT specialist at regular interval. Most of the children 610 (95.61%) uses hearing aid machines and few of them 49 (7.44%) gone for cochlear implants. 549 (97.86%) children improved their skill after use of hearing aid.

Conclusion: Use of hearing aid improves attention and confidence among deaf children. Regular follow up is also necessary in these children. Collective efforts from government, ENT specialists and community are much needed for rehabilitation of deaf and dumb children.



Deaf and dumb children, Hearing aid, Audiometry, Cochlear implant

Full Text:



WHO Deafness and hearing loss. Fact sheet No.300. Available at factsheets/fs300/en. Accessed on 11 February 2013.

World Health Organization. State of hearing and ear care in the South East Asia Region. WHO Regional Office for South East Asia. WHO-SEARO. SEA/Deaf/9. Available at LinkFiles/Publications_HEARING_&_EAR_ CARE.pdf. Accessed on 10 February 2013.

Balasubramanium T. Brain stem evoked response audiometry. drtbalu's Otolaryngology. Available at Accessed on 6 June 2013.

Yoshinaga-Itano C, Sedey AL, Coulter BA, Mehl AL. Language of early and later-identified children with hearing loss. Pediatrics 1998; 102: 1168–1171.

India National Committee Report for the year 2009. Central Coordination Cell, National Programme for Prevention and Control of Deafness, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Govt. of India.

Cremers CW, Van Rijn PM, Huygen PL. The sex ratio in childhood deafness, analysis of the male predominance. Int J Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 1994; 30(2): 105-110.

Manfred Hintermair. Health-Related Quality of Life and Classroom Participation of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students in General Schools. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education 2010; 16(2): 254-271.

Osberger M. J. Children with cochlear implants: Proven winners. Hearing Health 1993; 9(2): 19–23.

J. Bruce Tomblin, Linda Spencer, Sarah Flock, Rich Tyler, Bruce Gantz. A Comparison of Language Achievement in Children with Cochlear Implants and Children Using Hearing Aids. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 2009; 42: 497-511.