DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20150237

Perceptions of nursing students on effective clinical preceptors in Phnom Penh National Hospitals, Cambodia

Virya Koy

Abstract


Background:Nursing education has evolved substantially in the last few decades. Preceptorship is important to nursing education for several reasons. The purpose of this study is to describe the effective nursing clinical preceptors in Phnom Penh National Hospitals. Both preceptors and students have reported experiencing constrained relationships, tension and anxiety, which led to failure result or frustrating experiences in clinical teaching and learning.

Methods: The stratified sampling of 166 was invited. A cross-sectional design survey was used. The Cronbach’s Alpha Coefficient for all items was 0.945.

Results:The findings were given as effective clinical preceptorship had a moderate (3.02, 0.85). The interpersonal relationship (3.51, 0.88), evaluation (3.39, 0.93), personal traits (2.80, 0.83), nursing competencies (3.39, 0.93), and teaching ability (2.70, 0.81).

Conclusion: Interpersonal relationship, formative evaluation, giving suggestions and correcting mistakes without belittling was perceived to be important characteristic. It is necessary to integrate clinical teaching skills to clinical preceptors.

 


Keywords


Nurse clinical preceptors, Effective clinical teaching behaviors, Cambodian nursing students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Girija KM, Raghda KS, Jahara H, Suresh KN. Undergraduated Nursing Students’ Perception of Effective Clinical Preceptopr: Oman. International J Nursing Sci. 2013;3(2):38-44.

Wafaar GA. Caring and Effective Teaching Behavior of Clinical Nursing Instructors in Clinical Area as Perceived by Their Students. J Edu Practice. 2013;3(7):15-26.

Cholowski K. Nursing students’ and clinical educators’ perceptions of characteristics of effective clinical educators in an Australian university school of nursing. J Adv Nursing. 2002;39(5):412–20.

Ilgen. Back To The Bedside: The 8-Year Evolution of a Residences as Teacher Rotation. The J Emergency Med. 2011;41(2):190–5.

Udlis KA. Preceptorship in undergraduate nursing education: An integrative review. J Nursing Edu. 2008;47:20−9.

Houghland JE, Houghland JF. Effective Clinical Teaching by Residents in Emergency Medicine. Annals Emerg Med. 2011;55(5):434-9.

Andrew M, Roberts D. Supporting student nurses learning in and through clinical practice: The role of the clinical guide. Nursing Education Today. 2003;23:474-81.

Krichbaum K. Clinical teaching effectiveness described in relation to learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing. J Nursing Edu. 1994;33:306-16.

Thomas SP. Handling anger in the teacher-student relationship. Nursing Education Perspectives. 2003;24(1):17-24.

Ministry of Health. Roles of Preceptors for Nurses and Midwives, 2007.

Ministry of Health. National Curriculum for Associate Degree in Nursing, 2007.

Mogan J, Knox JE. Characteristics of `best' and `worst' clinical teachers as perceived by university nursing faculty and students. J Adv Nursing. 1987;12:331-7.

Knox JE, Mogan J. Important clinical teacher behaviors as perceived by university nursing faculty, students and graduates. J Adv Nursing. 1985;10:25-30.

Lee W, Cholowski K, Williams A. Nursing students and clinical Educators’ perceptions of characteristics of effective clinical educators in an Australian university school of nursing. J Adv Nursing. 2002;39(5):412-20.

Tang F, Chou S, Chiang H. Students ‟ perceptions of effective and ineffective clinical instructors”. J Nursing Edu. 2005;44(4):187-92.

Wolf A, Bender P, Beitz J, Wieland D, Vito K. Strengths and weaknesses of faculty teaching performance reported by undergraduate and graduate nursing students: J Professional Nursing. 2004;20(2):118-28.

Gignac-Caille AM, Oermann MH. Student and faculty perceptions of effective clinical instructors in ADN programs. J Nursing Edu. 2001;40(8):347–57.

Perli S, Brugnolli A. Italian Nursing Students’ Perception of Their Clinical Learning Environment as Measured with the CLEI Tool. Nurse Education Today. 2009;29(8):886-90.

Kube ML. The relationship of nursing faculty clinical teaching behaviors to student learning. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses: Full Text Database (UMI No. 3398533), 2010.

Berg C, Lindseth G. Students‟ perspectives of effective and ineffective nursing instructors. J Nursing Edu. 2004;43(12):565-8.

Kelly C. Student’s perceptions of effective clinical teaching revisited. Nurse Education Today. 2007;27:885-92.

Hart JA. Attributes of effective clinical instructors as perceived by students in accelerated and traditional BSN nursing programs. (Master’s thesis). Masters Abstracts International, 2009.

Hanson K, Stenvig T. The good clinical nursing educator and the baccalaureate nursing clinical experience: Attributes and praxis. J Nursing Edu. 2008;47(1):38-42.

Babenko-Mould Y, Iwasiw LC, Mary-Anne An, Laschinger HKL, Wayne W. Effects of Clinical Practice Environments on Clinical Teacher and Nursing Student Outcomes. J Nursing Edu. 2013;51(4):217-25.

Beitz JM, Wieland D. Analyzing the teaching effectiveness of nursing faculty of full and part–time generic BsN, and RNBs nursing students. J Professional Nursing. 2005;21(1):32-45.

Tiwari DL, Rose Y, Chan C. Student learning in clinical nursing education: Perceptions of the relationship between assessment and learning nurse education. Nursing Education Today. 2005;34(9):299-308.

Eleigil A, Sari H. Student's opinions about and expectations of effective nursing clinical mentors. J Nursing Edu. 2008;47(3):118-23.

Nelson N. Beginning nursing students‟ perceptions of the effective Characteristics and caring behaviors of their clinical instructor, Dissertation, 2011. Retrieved January 25, 2013. http:// gradworks.umi.com/3449130.pdf.

Holmes, S. P. (2006). Student and faculty perceptions of clinical teaching effectiveness of full-time and part-time baccalaureate degree clinical nursing faculty. Dissertation abstract retrieved November 3, 2013 from CINAHL Plus with Full Text database.

Hsu L. An analysis of clinical teacher behavior in a nursing practicum in Taiwan. J Clin Nursing. 2006;15:619-28.

Nahas VL, Nour V, Al-Nobalni M. Jordanian undergraduate nursing students’ perceptions of effective clinical teachers. Nursing Education Today. 1999;19:639-48.

Hayajneh F. Role model clinical instructor as perceived by Jordanian nursing students. J Res Nursing. 2011;16:23.

Firoozehchiana F, Ezbarmia ZT, Dadgaran I. Nursing-Midwifery teachers’ views of effective factors in clinical education. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci. 2012;47,1832–7.

Fourie WJ, Olliver JD, Andrew CM. Defining currency of practice for nurse educators. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand. 2002;18(3):30–9.

Smith S, Swain A, Penprase B. Congruence of Perceived Effective Clinical Teaching Characteristics Between Students and Preceptors of Nurse Anesthesia Programs. AANA Journal. 2011;79(4):62-8.

Jokar F, Haghani F. Nursing clinical education, the challenges facing: A Review Article. Iranian J Med Edu. 2011;10(5):1153-60.

Wiseman RF. Role model behaviors in the clinical setting. J Nursing Edu. 1994;33(9):405-10.