Published: 2017-03-28

An analytical study of standard propofol- sufentanil target controlled infusion protocols for total intravenous anaesthesia requirements in an Indian population using bispectral index monitoring

Maruti Gupta, Nitesh Agrawal


Background: Target controlled infusion (TCI) is an automated and regulated total intravenous anaesthesia delivering device. On the basis of western pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic models it delivers a calculated dosage of intravenous anaesthetic drugs to achieve an ideal anaesthetic plane. The depth of anaesthesia is judged by monitors such as bispectral index (BIS) monitors which gives a rough estimate whether the TCI is delivering more or less.

Methods: This analytical study was carried out on 100 patients between 20 to 60 years of age in a teaching hospital. Simultaneous BIS monitoring and TCI were set on these patients. If BIS values went below 45 the target concentration was decreased by 0.5μg/ml and if it was more than Injection propofol was supplemented manually and the changes were collected and analyzed.

Results: On analyses and comparison of the data with a western study it was found that the duration of surgery was similar in both studies. With the help of “t” test based on normal distribution it was found that group having BIS <45 and 45-60 were similar in both studies, but the group having BIS >60 was more statistically significant in the Indian population.

Conclusions: Depth of anaesthesia was assessed with neurological monitor, BIS, at the time of administration of Target controlled infusion (TCI) and data acquired was compared with data from a western study. The two groups had similar anaesthetic depth levels with the same infusion protocols of Target controlled infusion (TCI).


BIS monitoring, TCI, TIVA

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