The prevalence of probable migraine and sleep quality among women aged 20-49 living in a semi-rural area in western Turkey

Egemen Unal, Resat Aydin, Mehmet Enes Gokler, Alaettin Unsal


Background: We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of probable migraine, to examine the factors associated with probable migraine and to assess the level of sleep quality among women aged 20-45 who were living in the county town named Mahmudiye, in Eskisehir, in Turkey.

Methods: The study was carried out in all women aged 20-45 years in Mahmudiye. 69.2% of women (n=570) comprised the study group. Questionnaire consisted of three parts: The first part included several socio-demographic, nutritional and health characteristics. The second part included questions about the headache type and third part included Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Migraine type headache was scanned via the International Headache Society (IHS) criteria for migraine. There were eight criteria which were defined by IHS. Individuals who possessed the six of the eight criteria were defined as “probable migraine”.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 32.8±7.3 years. Prevalence of probable migraine was 13.3% (n=60) and it was significantly higher in women who have been smoking and who had a physician diagnosed chronic diseases. Of the women, 45.1% had poor sleep quality based on the PSQI. The sleep quality of probable migraineurs was found significantly lower than healthy women.

Conclusions: To control the probable migraine symptoms and attacks, we suggest to giving regular treatment to women with chronic diseases and reducing the smoking.



Probably migraine, Women, Sleep quality, Semi-rural area

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