DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20150831

The effect of gender based sexual health education in promoting adolescent girls sexual health attitude

Ika Parmawati, Ova Emilia, Wenny Artanty Nisman

Abstract


Background: Adolescent development affects the sexual desire and acitivity. Gender inequality may lead to discrimination and an increase in the vulnerability of adolescent girls to sexual coercion. Meanwhile, gender-sensitive reproductive health education is known to be able to decrease such vulnerability. Researcher wants to find the effects of gender-sensitive reproductive health education towards the adolescent girls’ attitude improvements.

Methods: This study was quasi experiment research using pretest-posttest with control group design and conducted in May to June 2015. The samples were 93 adolescent girls which were selected from the tenth grade students of SMK Ma’arif 1 dan Muhammadiyah 1 Temon by purposive sampling. The data were collected by using reproductive health attitudes questionnaires based on researcher’s instrument experiments of 0.812 as the reliability. The reproductive health education based on gender ideology was given to the intervention group. Meanwhile, for the control group, it was given through a common reproductive health education carried out by puskesmas officers. The data were analyzed by univarite and bivariate analysis with the significance of p<0.05 and CI 95%.

Results: There is a significant difference in the pretest and posttest scores of reproductive health attitudes in the intervention group (p=0.004), but not in the control group (p=0.150). There is a significant difference in the mean score improvement of reproductive health attitudes between the intervention and control groups (p=0.012).

Conclusions: Reproductive health education which is based on gender ideology affects the improvement of adolescent girls' reproductive health attitudes.

 


Keywords


Reproductive health education, Gender, Attitude

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