Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding HIV/AIDS among the community of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan

Muhammad Ghafoor Ali, Muhammad Owais Ahmad


Background: The study was conducted to assess the awareness regarding Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about HIV/AIDS in the community of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

Methods: The study was conducted in Rawalpindi and Islamabad with age of 18 years and more. The data was randomly selected from 120 people having qualification of undermatric/matric/graduation/masters and above through questionnaire. The duration of the study was one year from April 2012 to March 2013.

Results: Study showed that media is major source of awareness through Television (81.7%) and News Paper (67.5%).It was seen that 48.3% knew the difference between HIV and AIDS. 53.3% knew the signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS but more than 46% did not know clinical features. Most of the community (79.2%) knew about the mode of transmission but small percentage (20.8%) did not have knowledge about transmission of disease. 85.8% knew about mode of prevention of HIV/AIDS. More than 80% of the participants suggested for compulsory screening of HIV/AIDS whereas a small percentage (up to 20%) did not suggest. Attitude of community was mix reply with positive attitude (58.3%) and negative attitude (41.7%).About 40% were in favor of health insurance whereas around 60% feel no need of health insurance to the HIV/AIDS patients.70% of the participants recommended to maintain the confidentiality of patient while 30% gave negative reply. Community was opinion that health awareness would reduce (96.7%) the risk of disease while only a small percentage (3.3%) thought for having no impact on prevention.

Conclusions: The study showed sufficient knowledge and awareness but negative attitude of community towards patients of HIV/AIDS.



KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practices) study, Prevention

Full Text:




Mansoor Ahmad and LaithAbdul RaheemAbu Higleh. The position of AIDS in Pakistan, UAE and Jordan. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 1997;10(1):79-89.

Namaitijiang Maimaiti, Khadijah Shamsuddin, Anwar Abdurahim, Nurungul Tohti, Rena Memet. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding HIV/AIDS among University students in XinJiang. Global Journal of Health Sciences 2010;2(2).

Lee Warner, Khalil G. Ghanem, Daniel R. Newman, Maurizio Macaluso, Patrick S. Sullivan, and Emily J. Erbelding. Male Circumcision and Risk of HIV Infection among Heterosexual African American Men Attending Baltimore Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics. The Journal of Infectious Diseases 2009;199(1):59-65.

Amira Sidig, AlsadigMahgoub, Abbashar Hussein. A study of knowledge, attitude, practice towards HIV/AIDS and prevalence of HIV/AIDS among tea sellers women in Khartoum State (April 2004 - May 2005).Sudanese Journal of Public Health 2009;4(1).