DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20151178

Morbidity, psycho-social profile and health seeking behavior of the elderly population in urban slums of Davangere City, India

Shubha Davalagi B, Navinkumar Angadi, Mahabalaraju DK

Abstract


Background: The proportion of older persons has been rising steadily. Population ageing is becoming a major concern both in the developed and developing countries. Rapid urbanization and modernization of society has brought in its wake a breakdown in family values and the framework of family support, social isolation and elderly abuse leading to a host of morbidity including psychological problems among elderly population. Objectives: 1) To assess the morbidity pattern of the elderly people in urban slums. 2) To know the psycho-social profile of the elderly people in urban slums. 3) To assess the health seeking behaviour of elderly population.

Methods: Study was cross sectional study conducted in slums of Davangere city, for duration of three months. Study population was 60 years and older residents of urban slums. Study was carried out by interview and clinical examination of the study subjects by using pre-designed, pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. Data was entered in Microsoft excel and presented as frequency and proportions.

Results: Out of 180 elderly persons, 23% were males and 77% were females.44% of them lived in joint families. The most prevalent morbidity was musculoskeletal problem (46%) followed by psychosocial problem (31%), respiratory problems (23%), cataract (19%) and ear problems (19%). 57% of elderly said they were not socially active and 43% had an unfavorable attitude towards life. Majority of the elderly utilized government health care facilities for their treatment for both acute and chronic illness. The elderly population had financial constraint and lack of accessibility in seeking health care.

Conclusions: The study has highlighted high prevalence of morbidity among elderly in urban slums. As there is rapid increase in number of elderly, there is an urgent need to develop affordable and accessible geriatric health care services.

 


Keywords


Morbidity, Psychosocial profile, Health seeking behavior, Elderly

Full Text:

PDF

References


United Nations Population Division. World population aging, 2009. Online 2007. Available at: http://www.un.org/esa/population/unpop.htm. Accessed 12 September 2013.

Government of India. The situational analysis of the elderly in India. Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, June 2011. Available at: mospi.nic.in/mospi_new/upload/elderly_in_india. Accessed 15 September 2013.

Pooja Chauhan, V. Chandrashekhar. A study on morbidity pattern among geriatric people of Venkatachelam village, Nellore district, AP. MRIMS J Health Sci. 2013;1(2):48-53.

Piramanayagam A, Bayapareddy N, Pallavi M, Madhavi E, Nagarjuna Reddy N, Radhakrishna L. A cross sectional study of the morbidity pattern among the elderly people: South India. Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2013;2(3):372-9.

Rahul Prakash, S. K. Choudhary, Uday Shankar Singh. A study of morbidity pattern among geriatric population in an urban area of Udaipur Rajasthan. Indian J Community Med. 2004;XXIX(1):35-40.

Swami HM, Vikas Bhatia, Rekha Dutt. A community based study of the morbidity profile among the elderly in Chandigarh, India. Bahrain Medical Bulletin, Vol.24, No.1, March 2002: 20-28

Shraddha K, Prashantha B, Prakash B. Study on morbidity pattern among elderly in urban population of Mysore, Karnataka, India. Int J Med Biomed Res. 2012;1(3):215-23.

Prakash R, Choudhary SK, Singh US. A study of morbidity pattern among geriatric population in an urban area of Udaipur, Rajasthan. IJCM. 2004;29(1):35-40.

Harshal T. Pandve, Poonam Deshmukh. Health survey among elderly population residing in an urban slum of Pune city. J Indian Acad Geriatr. 2010;6(1):5-8.