Socio-demographic profile of copper-T beneficiaries in the family planning out-patient department of a teaching hospital: a record-based descriptive study


  • Dinesh R. Samel Department of Community Medicine, Rajiv Gandhi Medical College, Kalwa, Thane 400 605, Maharashtra
  • Jai N. Senapati Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rajiv Gandhi Medical College, Kalwa, Thane 400 605, Maharashtra
  • Gopalkrishna V. Paradkar Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Rajiv Gandhi Medical College, Kalwa, Thane 400 605, Maharashtra



Copper-T beneficiaries, Demographic profile, Record based study


Background: Intra uterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) used as a spacing method is one of the main strategies of the family welfare programme, as they are among the safest and most effective, affordable and convenient reversible contraceptives available. The objectives of the study were to study the socio-demographic details of beneficiaries accepting Cu-T in the family planning OPD of the medical college, relation of IUCD insertion time with respect to menses or delivery and its outcome.

Methods: After IEC approval, a descriptive, complete enumeration study of recorded data from IUD register from 2006 to 2015 (n=1141) was carried out from the IUCD registers of the family planning out-patient department (OPD) of a medical college.

Results: Beneficiaries had a significantly lower literacy rate (p<0.05) and a lower employment rate (p<0.01) than their husbands. 447 (39.4%) women accepted IUCD before 1 year from their last delivery. In 20 women, IUCDs were expelled, while in 32 (2.8%), they were wasted. The difference between the couples having no male children and those having at least 1 male child opting for IUCD was statistically highly significant (p<0.01).

Conclusions: Cu-T is being well utilised as a spacing method in the Family Welfare Component of the Reproductive and Child Health Programme. Evidence of Preference for a male child can be seen in this study.


RMNCH+A. (Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health) Programme. html.

Abasiattai A, Bassey E. Profile Of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device Acceptors At The University Of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria, Annals of African Medicine. 2008;7(1):1-5.

Ambadekar N, Rathod K. Health Care Delivery Practices in rural part of Yavatmal District regarding IUD insertion, Indian Journal of Public Health. 2010;54(4):201-4.

Aruna S, Shree RY. A Study on Acceptance and Discontinuation of Intrauterine Contraceptive Device and its Determinants in a Tertiary Care Centre. Journal of Evidence based Medicine and Healthcare. 2015;2(26):3804-11.

Biswas R, Nandy S. Profile of IUD acceptors attending Post Partum unit of a teaching hospital, Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2002;27,3:130-5.

Patnaik BP, Mishra KP. User satisfaction and retention o Cu-T (IUD) amongst rural women in Orissa, Health and Population-Perspectives. 2003;26(2):52-8.

Rathi S, Jawadagi S. A Study to assess the factors affecting acceptance to Intrauterine Device among rural women of Hirebagewadi, Belgaum, IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science. 2014;3,2:37-52.

Adegbola O, Ogedengbe OK. The acceptance rate of intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) amongst family planning clinic users in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Nig Q J Hosp Med. 2008;18(4):175-80.

Dinwoke V, Okafor C. Intrauterine contraceptive device acceptors in Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Southeastern Nigeria - A 5-year review. Tropical Journal of Medical Research. 2015;18:68-73.

Census Data for Thane City. 2011.

Chng CL. The male role in contraception: implications for health education, J Sch Health. 1983;53(3):197-201.

Waiz NK. Role of education in the use of contraception. Lancet. 2000;356:S51.

Renjhen P, Dasgupta S. Family Planning Practices in Women of Reproductive Age Group, JIMSA. 2010;23,2:103.

Hameed W, Azmat SK. Women's empowerment and contraceptive use: the role of independent versus couples' decision-making, from a lower middle income country perspective. PLoS One. 2014;9(8):e104633.

Edmeades J, Pandey R. Son preference and sterilization use among young married women in two slums in Bengaluru city, India, Glob Public health. 2011;6(4):407-20.

Jayaraman A, Mishra V, Arnold F. The Effect of Family Size and Composition on Fertility Desires, Contraceptive Adoption, and Method Choice in South Asia. Demographic and Health Research. 2008;200(40).

Kesarwani R, Yadav A. Role of Gender in Contraceptive Use among Currently Married Women in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. 2012;2(2):34.

Khan M, Patel B. Contraceptive use dynamics of couples availing of services from government family planning clinics - A case study of Orissa, Journal of Family Welfare. 1990;36(3):18-38.

Mannan MA. Preference for Son, Desire for Additional Children and Contraceptive Use in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Development Studies. 1988;16(3):31-57.

Rai P, Paudel IS. Effect of gender preference on fertility: cross-sectional study among women of Tharu community from rural area of eastern region of Nepal, Reproductive Health. 2014;11:15.

Asari, Gopalkrishnan V: Determinants of Contraceptive use in Kerala: The Case of Son/Daughter Preference. The Journal of Family Welfare. 1994;40(3):19-25.

Gray RH, Ramos R, Akin A. Manual for the provision of Intrauterine Devices (IUDs), WHO, Geneva. 1980:28.




How to Cite

Samel, D. R., Senapati, J. N., & Paradkar, G. V. (2016). Socio-demographic profile of copper-T beneficiaries in the family planning out-patient department of a teaching hospital: a record-based descriptive study. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(9), 4067–4071.



Original Research Articles