DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20151194

Health profile of adolescents of Bhavnagar district, Gujarat, India: a cross sectional study

G. D. Bhambhani, Rutu G. Bhambhani, Nilesh Chandradityasinh Thakor

Abstract


Background: Adolescence and young adulthood are periods of critical development and transition. Adolescent constitutes over 23% of the population in India. Nutrition and health needs of the adolescent are more because of more requirements for growth spurt and increase in physical activity. Objective: To study health profile of adolescents of Bhavnagar district.

Methods: The study was carried by Medicine Department, K.J. Mehta Hospital, Amargadh, Bhavnagar during period from September 2014 to August 2015. After taking the permission of principals of 10 schools and consent of the parents of adolescents, 842 adolescents from 10 schools of Bhavnagar district were examined for nutritional deficiencies. The data was collected by predesign, pretested proforma and analyzed using SPSS 17.0 (Trial version).

Results: Mean age was 15.8 ± 1.96 years. Out of 867, 433 (51.4%) were boys and 409 (48.6%) were girls. Vitamin A deficiency was present in 53 (6.3%) adolescents. Vitamin B complex deficiency signs were seen in 139 (16.5%) adolescents. Vitamin C deficiency signs were seen in 84 (10.0%) adolescents. PEM was observed in 90 (10.7%) adolescents. The study revealed that 67.0% girls were suffering from anaemia compare to 58.7% of boys. 117 (13.9%) adolescents had visual impairment.  

Conclusions: Poor personal hygiene and nutritional deficiency among these adolescents needs great attention and health education.

 


Keywords


School health, Adolescents health, Anaemia, Nutritional deficiency, Health profile

Full Text:

PDF

References


Thakor N, Shukla A, Bala DV, Vala M, Ninama R. Health status of children of primary and secondary boarding schools of Gandhinagar district. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2014;3:866-9.

Chaudhari AI, Rami K, Thakor N. Assessment of knowledge regarding noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors among students of higher secondary school: an interventional study. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5:1-4.

Kishore J. Adolescent health. In: Kishore J, eds. National Health Programme of India. 8th ed. New Delhi: Century Publications; 2009: 176-179.

Srinivasan K, Prabhu GR. A Study of the morbidity status of children in social welfare hostels in Tirupati town. Indian J Community Med. 2006-2007;31(3):51-6.

Panda P, Benjamin AI, Shavinder Singh, Zacharia P. Health status of school children in Ludhiana city. Indian J Community Med. 2000 Oct-Dec;4:150-5.

Soumya Deb, Sinjita Dutta. Relationship of personal hygiene with nutrition and morbidity profile: a study among primary school children in South Kolkata. Indian J Community Med. 2010 Apr;35(2):282-4.

Osei A, Houser R, Bulusu S, Joshi T, Hamer D. Nutritional status of primary school children in Garhwali Himalayan villages of India. Food Nutr Bull. 2010 Jun;31(2):221-33.

Dongre AR, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. The impact of school health education programme on personal hygiene and related morbidities in tribal school children on Wardha district. Indian J Community Med. 2006 Apr-Jun;31(2):81-2.

Chandna S, Sehgal S. Prevalence of deficiency diseases among school children. Health Arid Popul-Persp Issues 1994;17(1&2):108-13.

Rema N, Vasanthamani G. Prevalence of nutrition and lifestyle disorders among school going children in urban and rural areas of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu. Indian J Sci Technol. 2011 Feb;4(2):131-40.

Park K. Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. In: Park K, eds. A Book. 21st ed. Jabalpur: Banarasidas Bhanot; 2010.