Knowledge, attitude and practice of basic life support among junior doctors and students in a tertiary care medical institute

Md. Yunus, Animesh Mishra, Habib M. R. Karim, Vandana Raphael, Ghazal Ahmed, Catherine E. Myrthong


Background: Basic life support (BLS) is an integral part of health care. However, teaching of BLS is not yet a part of protocolized curriculum and uniform throughout. The present study is designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of BLS and compare it among trained and untrained medical students and junior doctors in a medical institute.

Methods: After approval from Institute Ethical Committee and informed consent from the participant, the present study was conducted among the undergraduate-level medical and nursing students and junior doctors. A questionnaire consisting of 30 questions based on knowledge, attitude and practice of BLS was used to collect data which is evaluated as per scale defined for this study. Statistical significance was assessed using INSTAT software (GraphPad Software, Inc., La Zolla, USA).

Results: Only 16.41% of all participants and 52% of doctors have received class and/or hands on training. The untrained participants have scored poorly as compared to trained participants in theoretical knowledge and practice of BLS (24.36 % and 53.45% versus 9.25 % and 24.07%) respectively. The mean score for both theoretical knowledge and practice of BLS for trained students was higher than that of the untrained participants and the statistical difference was highly significant - p<0.0001. Most of the participants of both trained and untrained group were having very good attitude towards BLS.

Conclusions: Knowledge and practice skills of BLS/CPR are poor in medical and nursing students. A significant portion of trainees do not acquire adequate knowledge in a single session of training. An organised curriculum for BLS and its protocolized training is the need of the hour in medical education.



Basic life support, Medical education, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Medical students, Junior doctors, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice

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