Profile of patients with intellectual disability visiting a tertiary care center in western India

Parag S. Shah, Srivani D. Shukla, Asha A. Patel, Shivangi S. Patel

Abstract


Background:Intellectual disability is commonly associated with variety of etio-pathological and co-morbid conditions influencing outcome of rehabilitative measures. Understanding of these factors helps in better management of disabled condition.

Methods:A qualitative retrospective case record review, of patients with intellectual disability, visiting psychiatry department of a tertiary care hospital, within a period of one year, was conducted to assess their epidemiological and clinical profile.

Results: Patients with Intellectual disability are brought to the hospital at all ages and commonly by their parents. Etiologically related various peri-natal factors (delayed birth cry and seizures being most common) as well as childhood medical conditions (epilepsy and recurrent respiratory/GI infections being most common) were commonly found in these patients. Milestones are delayed in almost 60-70% of cases whereas various physical and psychiatric conditions commonly co-existed with disability.

Conclusion:Clinical profile of these patients demands a comprehensive evaluation and management apart from routine IQ assessment.


Keywords


Intellectual disability, Assessment, Tertiary care center, India

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References


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