Trend of psychiatric disorders among out-patients and in-patients of a tertiary care center of India

Parag S. Shah

Abstract


Background: Pattern of psychiatric disorders found among patients visiting the hospital helps in understanding the epidemiology, heath seeking behavior as well as strategic service planning and development.

Methods:A retrospective health record review, of all the patients visiting out-patient care and in-patient care of psychiatry department of a tertiary care hospital in a period of two years, was conducted to assess the prevalence and trend of most common psychiatric disorders among them.

Results: Major depressive disorder and Alcohol use disorder were the most common conditions found in out-patient and in-patient settings respectively. Out-patient consultations were consistently increasing whereas in-patient admissions were variable and decreasing with time.

Conclusion: Current scenario and trends of psychiatric disorders among this group of patients is in line with epidemiological patterns and reflects a healthy trend of community oriented (out-patient based) care.


Keywords


Psychiatric disorders, Trend, Out-patient, In-patient

Full Text:

PDF

References


American Psychiatric Association. In: American Psychiatric Association eds. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. US, America: DSM-IV-TR American Psychiatric Pub; 2000: 1-943.

Bahn AK, Gardner EA, Alltop L, Knatterud GL, Solomon M. Admission and prevalence rated for psychiatric facilities in four register areas. Am J Public Health. 1966;56(12):2033-51.

Thompson A, Shaw M, Harrison G, Davidson Ho, Gunnell D, Verne J. Patterns of hospital admission for adult psychiatric illness in England: analysis of Hospital Episode Statistics data. Br J Psychiatry. 2004;185:334-41.

Reddy MV, Chanorashekar CR. Prevalence of mental and behavioural disorders in India: A meta-analysis. Indian J Psychiatry. 1998;40 (2):149-57.

Murali MS. Epidemiological Study of prevalence of mental disorders in India. Indian J Community Med. 2001;26(4):198-200.

NHS Information Centre. Psychiatric morbidity in England: Results of a household survey, 2007. Available at: http://www.esds.ac.uk/doc/6379/mrdoc/pdf/6379research_report.pdf. Accessed October 2008.