DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20170154

Morphometric analysis of menisci of adult human knee joint in North Indian population

Jyoti Rohila, Suresh Kanta Rathee, Suresh Kumar Dhattarwal, Zile Singh Kundu

Abstract


Background: Of the synovial joints in the body knee joint is the largest. Each meniscus is a piece of fibrocartilage with a thickened outside edge and a thin inner edge so that it is wedge-shaped in cross section. The purpose of the present study was to establish database on standard dimensions in knee menisci of adults of north Indian population.

Methods: The sample for this study was collected from April, 2012 to June, 2013. For this study, 200 menisci (100 right and left each) of 50 adult humans were taken for analysis. Measurements were done with the help of non-elastic thread and digital vernier calipers. All dissections were performed in a systematic fashion.

Results: The width of the lateral meniscus was significantly different form medial meniscus with lateral and medial menisci widest in middle and posterior third respectively. The middle one third of both lateral and middle menisci was the thickest.

Conclusions: It is always good to have a set of anatomical morphometric parameters of the menisci like the width and thickness. The measurements of suitable grafts may provide a more acceptable meniscal replacement in the future.

Keywords


Menisci, Morphometry, Thickness, Width

Full Text:

PDF

References


Hollinshead WH. Anatomy for Surgeons: The back and limbs. New York: Hoeber& Harper. 1958;783-5.

Chandler SB. The semilunar cartilages of the knee joint. Anat. Rec. 1949;103:531.

Murlimanju BV, Nair N, Pai S, Pai M, Chethan P, Gupta C. Morphological study of the menisci of the knee joint in the adult cadavers of the South Indian population. MMJ. 2010;23(2):270-5.

Braz PRP, Silva WG. Meniscus morphometric study in humans. J Morphol Sci. 2010;27(2):62-6.

Ashwini C, Nanjaiah CM, Saraswathi GS, Shamsundar NM. Morphometric study of menisci of human knee joint. Int J Cur Res Rev. 2013;5(8):118-25.

Moore KL, Dalley AF. Anatomia orientada para clínica. 4th ed. Rio de Janeiro; Guanabara Koogan: 2001.

Almeida SKS, De Moraes ASR, Tashimiro T, Neves Se, Toscano Ae, De Abreu RRM. Morphometric study of menisci of the knee joint. Int J Morph. 2004;22(3):181-4.

Kaur A, Sodhi S. Morphometric study of the medial meniscus of the knee joint in thirty adult male cadavers. J Acad and Indust Res. 2013;2(4):226-9.

Smillie IS. Injuries of the knee Joint. 4th ed. London: Living Stone. 1975;79-84.

Testut L, Latarjet A. Tratado de Anatomía Humana. 10th ed. Barcelona. Salvat. 1975.

Didio LJA. Tratado de Anatomia Aplicada. 2nd ed. São Paulo. Atheneu. 2002.

Cailliet RMD. Síndromes Dolorosas. Joelho: dor e incapacidade. Río de Janeiro; Manole. 1976.

Motta Filho LAJ, Motta LAJ, Motta Filho GR. Menisco lateral discóide: correlaçãoanátomo-clínica. Rev Bras Ortop. 1999;34(8):457-60.