DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20170164

A study on ocular injuries following road traffic accidents

B. S. Puzari, R. K. Das, Indira Pegu

Abstract


Background: Ocular injuries in road traffic accidents (RTA) constitute a major but preventable cause of visual morbidity worldwide and so it is of public health importance. Aim of the study was to assess the visual outcome in patients attending tertiary care hospital with ocular injuries following RTA and compare various associated risk factors.

Methods: A prospective study was done with 60 cases of ocular injuries following road traffic accidents in Assam Medical College and Hospital to find out the visual outcome and compare various risk factors .Detailed history and clinical evaluation was done with follow up at 1st and 3rd week.

Results: Maximum cases were seen in the age group of 30-40 years, more in males (76.66%); with 78.33% in two wheelers. Out of the 60 cases, 38.33% occurred at night, 21.66% was under the influence of alcohol. 15.27% of patients presented with diminished vision, out of which 15% cases reported with severe ocular morbidity like vitreous haemorrhage, lens dislocation, sclera-corneal tear etc.

Conclusions: Younger age group was mostly affected with male preponderance, alcohol and two wheelers being quite important risk factors. Early treatment of ocular injuries and use of protective wear result in better visual outcomes.


Keywords


Alcohol influence, Ocular injury, Road traffic accidents, Subconjunctival haemorrhage, Two wheeler

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