Developing an educational program for fourth-year students at Balikesir University’s school of health, department of midwifery, to learn and practice antenatal skills

Selda Yörük, Türkan Günay

Abstract


Background:The objective of this study is to develop an educational program to improve the antenatal care practice skills of fourth-year students in the midwifery department at Balikesir University’s school of health.

Methods:The control group included 39 students who had taken public healthcare courses in the 2009-2010 academic year. The intervention group consisted of 40 students who had taken the same courses in the 2010-2011 academic year. The study’s dependent variable was the skill level; its independent variable was the educational program. The data evaluation guide feedback form was collected. The students’ scores for prenatal care were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test.

Results:The study found that midwives in the control group, which did not receive the educational program, did not apply some of the steps in prenatal health care, such as examining the bellies of pregnant women, measuring their folic acid, assessing laboratory tests and providing them with information about their examinations. In addition, there were other skills in prenatal health care and communication that this group either never applied or applied only after being reminded. However, almost all of the midwives in the intervention group were found to have used communication skills effectively and to have completed prenatal healthcare in the proper order and in a highly qualified manner.

Conclusion:The educational program developed for midwife education and practice has been successful and effective. Almost all of the people in the control group have fully applied their healthcare follow-up skills.

 


Keywords


Midwifery education, Public health, Educational program, Curriculum development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Uyer G, Eren N. Midwifery education. In: Uyer G, Eren N, eds. The History and Ethics of Health Profession. 5th ed. Ankara: Hatiboglu Press; 1993: 101-105.

Dirican R. Midwifery education. In: Dirican R, eds. Community Medicine. 3rd ed. Ankara: Hatiboglu Press; 19990: 312-313.

Turkish Higher Education Council. Health education and health manpower status report for Turkey. In: THEC, eds. A Report. Ankara: THEC; 2010: 96-105.

Mollahaliloglu S, Başara, BB, Eryılmaz Z. Midwifery. In: Mollahaliloglu S, Başara, BB, Eryılmaz Z, eds. Ministry of Health of Turkey Health Statistics Yearbook 2010. Ankara: School of Public Health, Refik Saydam Hygiene Center Presidency; 2011.

Öztek Z, Eren N. Health administration. In: Güler Ç, Akın L, eds. Public Health. Ankara: Hacettepe University Press; 2006: 1009-1017

Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies. Ankara. Turkey demographic and health survey (TDHS-2008), 2009, Available at: http://www.hips.hacettepe.edu.tr/eng/tdhs08/TDHS-2008_Main_Report.pdf.

The Ministry of Health of Turkey, General Directorate of Mother-Child Health and Family Planning. Prenatal care management guidelines, 2008. Available at: http://www.saglik.gov.tr/TR/belge/1-6077/dogum-oncesi-bakim-izlem-protokolu-genelgesi-2008--13.html. Accessed 14 June 2012.

Erden M. Introduction. In: Erden M, eds. Curriculum Evaluation in Education. 2nd ed. Ankara: Anı Press; 1998: 2-3.

World Health Organization. Effective teaching: a guide for educating healthcare providers, 2005. Available at: http://www.whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2005/9241593806.pdf. Accessed 12 September 2012.

Demirel Ö. Curriculum development. In: Demirel Ö, eds. Educational Programme Development. 4th ed. Ankara: Pegema Press; 2008: 4-253.

Kern D, Thomas P, Howard D. Curriculum development. In: Kern D, Thomas P, Howard D, eds. A Six Step Approach to Curriculum Development. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, Bass; 1999: 10-78.

Harden RM. Ten questions to ask when planning a course or curriculum. Med Edu. 1986;20:356-65.

The Ministry of Health of Turkey, Cooperation Programme - European Commission. Project of strengthening the pre-graduation education on Turkey’s reproductive health programme sexual and reproductive health, 2006. Available at: http://sbu.saglik.gov.tr/tusp/turkce/yayinlar/pdf_dokumanlar/08_Ebelik_OgrenimRehberi_t.pdf. Accessed 14 June 2012.

The Ministry of Health of Turkey General Directorate of Mother-Child Health and Family Planning. Safe Motherhood’s attendee booklet, 2005. Available at: http://sbu.saglik.gov.tr/tusp/turkce/yayinlar/pdf_dokumanlar/03_GA.pdf 30-46. Accessed 14 June 2012.

Kirkpatrick D. Great İdeas revisited, revisiting Kirkpatric’s four-level model. Training Dev. 1996;50:54-9.

Bruner J. Skills. Bruner J, eds. In: The Process of Education. 3rd ed. Ankara: Pegem Akademi; 2009: 4

Fullerton JT1, Thompson JB, Severino R; International Confederation of Midwives. Internatıonal Confederatıon of Mıdwıves, essential competencies for basic midwifery practice: an update study, 2009-2010. Midwifery. 2011 Aug;27(4):399-408.

Ozan S, Gürsel Y, Tımbıl S, Demiral Y, Emiroglu N, Sari Ö, et al. Basic communication skills program for first-year medical students: assessment of the effectiveness of the program. Türkiye Klinikleri J Med Sci. 2009;29:618-24.

Mullan BA, Kothe EJ. Evaluating a nursing communication skills training course: the relationships between self-rated ability, satisfaction, and actual performance. Nurse Educ Pract. 2010;10:374-8.

Ryan CA, Walshe N, Gaffney R, Shanks A, Burgoyne L, Wiskin CM. Using standardized patients to assess communication skills in medical and nursing students. BMC Med Educ. 2010;17:10-24

Zavertnik JE, Huff TA, Munro CL. Innovative approach to teaching communication skills to nursing students. J Nurs Educ. 2010;49:65-71.

Peacock AS, Bogossian F. Antenatal screening and predicting hypertension in pregnancy for midwives. Women Birth. 2010;23:81-93.

Rushforthm H. Reflections on a study tour to explore history taking and physical assessment education. Nurse Educ Pract. 2008;8:31-40.

McKenna L, Innes K, French J, Streitberg S, Gilmour C. Is history taking a dying skill? An exploration using a simulated learning environment. Nurse Educ Pract. 2011;11:234-8.