Effectiveness of distributed form of constraint induced movement therapy to improve functional outcome in chronic hemiparesis patients

Shraddha J. Diwan, Purva Shah, Ankita B. Bansal

Abstract


Background:Upper limb hemiparesis is among the most common deficits after stroke that leads to disability. Learned nonuse develops due to over-reliance on the less affected limb for the functional activities. However for many stroke patients, participation in a traditional, more intense CIMT may be problematic, given the required practice intensity and the duration of the restraint schedule. So it is necessary to evaluate the effects of distributed form of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy (dCIMT) in improving functional outcome and quality of life in patients with chronic hemiparesis.

Methods:36 hemiplegic patients following stroke were included. The experimental group was given dCIMT for 5sessions/week for 4 consecutive weeks in addition to conventional therapy while the control group received only conventional therapy. The outcome measures were motor activity log, wolf motor functional test and nine hole peg test.

Results:The results of within group analysis for both the experimental group (Group-A) and control group B showed highly significant improvement on all the 3 outcome measures with P <0.0001.But the difference in the improvement of group-A compared to group-B was highly significant on the MAL and NHPT (P <0.0001) whereas it was not significant for WMFT performance score but highly significant for WMFT duration (U=23).

Conclusion:dCIMT is an effective measure in improving the upper extremity motor function in terms of the quality and amount of use & speed and co- ordination. Thus improves the functional level and the quality of life of the patients with chronic stroke.

 


Keywords


Chronic stroke, CIMT, Quality of life, Upper extremity functions

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References


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