Unusual branching pattern of external carotid artery in the left carotid triangle

Gangadhara ., Shakuntala Rao N, Manivannan K, Krishna Rao H R

Abstract


During the routine dissection of the neck for the first MBBS students, we have found the abnormal branching of the external carotid artery in the carotid triangle. The external carotid artery is a terminal branch of the common carotid artery arises at the level of superior border of the thyroid cartilage in the carotid triangle. It supplies the structures of head and neck regions by its eight branches. The knowledge of variations is very important for the general, head & neck, ENT and oncosurgeons, to avoid unforeseen complication in the form of bleeding by injuring the abnormal arteries. It is also important for the vascular surgeons and radiologists while performing the procedures on the arteries.


Keywords


External carotid artery, Superior laryngeal artery, Thyrolingualfacial trunk, Superior thyroid artery

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References


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