Anxiety’s level of bantenes patient’s: the effect of dhikr therapy before surgical procedure

Indah Wulandari, Aty Huriyati


Background: Anxiety is a subjective feeling which people’s feels when they faced a surgical procedure. Spirituality approach such as, dhikr can be used to reduce patient’s anxiety, especially when they are facing a medical-surgical procedure. In Banten, dhikr is an act of worship that people did, especially when they will under-taken the medical-operation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of dhikr therapy to the decreasing of anxiety level of patients with pre-operative procedure.

Methods: The research design was quasi-experiment without control-goup, and have measure the pre-operative patient’s anxiety before and after dhikr therapy. Statistical analysis by using dependent paired t-test. Samples from this study were patients who pre-operative appendictomy procedure with the total number 23 respondents that were selected by using purposive technique. Anxiety level was measured by using Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale.

Results: The results of this research showed that there was found the effect of dhikr therapy to the decreasing of anxiety of pre-operative’s patient with p value = 0.000, and the mean score before intervention is 3.13, while after intervention was 1.49.

Conclusions: In conclusion, anxiety can affect a person's health in particular who will undergo surgery. Anxiety can be reduced by one of them is religious approach as dhikr. With routine of dhikr someone will get a peace of mind. The inner peace will reduce the impact of stress hormones that are released when a person feels anxious.



Dhikr therapy, Anxiety, Pre-operative patient, Hamilton anxiety rating scale

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