Family planning: formal health care providers’ challenges in the district of Antananarivo Avaradrano

Barbara Elyan Edwige Vololonarivelo, Jean-Florent Rafamatanantsoa, Valéry Bruno Andriantoky, Julio El-C Rakotonirina, Antso Hasina Raherinandrasana, Seheno Noro Ratsimbazafy, Jean de Dieu Marie Rakotomanga

Abstract


Background: Recorded contraceptive prevalence may not represent all the women using contraceptives. Nevertheless, it serves as a fundamental tool in decision-making at Ministry and international level. This study aims to determine the actual contraceptive prevalence and identify factors determining users’ positions about modern contraception and local services deliveries in the district of Antananarivo Avaradrano.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, where an interviewer-administered questionnaire has been used to collect data. Targeted female respondents aged 18-39 were asked about their contraceptive use, knowledge and information sources on family planning, perception of social support and perception on the local health care providers.

Results: Contraceptive prevalence is underestimated. Moreover, it is higher among women aged 35 to 39 and those having two children or more, but lower among those who have reached university level of education. Women who are able to tell two benefits of family planning, informed by the community health agents (CHA), and deciding with their partners on contraception use are more likely to use contraceptives on a regular basis. Women complain on their poor relationship with health care providers and doubt about their real competence.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates the evidence of an underestimation of contraceptive prevalence. The challenge is how to collect reliable data, thus recording systems have to be improved. Besides, government efforts in increasing contraceptive use ought to be targeted on adolescents and young people aged 20-25, the couple itself, health-care provider – woman relationship, and on the CHA’s activities.

 


Keywords


Contraceptive prevalence, Modern contraceptive, Socioeconomic status, Source of contraceptives, Antananarivo

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