DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20171270

Effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy in comparison to CBT- plus play therapy among children with post-traumatic stress disorder in Manado, Indonesia

Dorce Sisfiani Sarimin, Tinneke A. Tololiu

Abstract


Background: Disaster may bring such impacts as PTSD. Concerning flood that befell in Manado City, this study examined the effectiveness of CBT and CBT-plus intervention to overcome PTSD among school-age children that have been affected by flood disaster in this city.

Methods: This quasi experiment pre-post-test study was done two a total of sixty children, divided into CBT group and CBT plus group. Play therapy was employed to for CBT plus group to see the difference of the PTSD score in comparison to the CBT only group’s PTSD score.

Results: There were decreases in the score of PTSD among the children both in CBT only group and CBT plus group. Play therapy in CBT plus group could give higher reduction in PTDS score in comparison to children who received CBT only intervention.

Conclusions: CBT plus intervention is proven effective in reducing PTDS score among children who are affected with PTDS.

 


Keywords


CBT-Play therapy, PTSD, School-age

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pribadi EK. Buku pegangan guru: pendidikan siaga bencana. Bandung: pusat mitigasi bencana ITB Bandung. 2008

Stuart GW, Laria MT. Principle and practice of psychiatric nursing. 8th edition. Mosby Missouri. 2005.

Saballos F, Tanner T, Tarazona M, Gallegos J. Children and disaster: understanding impact and enabling agency. Oxford policy management. 2011.

Videback SL. Buku ajar Keperawatan Jiwa. Jakarta: EGC 2008.

Morgan L, Scourfield J, Williams D. The Aberfan disaster: 33-year follow-up of survivors. Br J Psychiatr. 2003;182:532-6.

Sarimin DS. Post-traumatic stress disother (PTSD) in children after the two-flash flood in Manado. in: Proceeding 12th international seminar on disaster. Health care issues toward suistainable development goals, Yogjakarta: Prima Grafika. 2016;41.

Schiraldi GR. The post-traumatic stress disorder: a guide to healing, recovery and growth. Sourcebook. 2nd ed. New York: Mc Graw Hill; 2009.

NIMH. 2008 Post traumatic stress Disorder. Avialable from: http:// www.NIMH.nih.gov/ health/ publication/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd (Accessed: 4 April 2016).

Support Service of PTSD. 2010. Treatment of PTSD. Available from: http:// www.PTSDsupport. net/ ptsd_treatment.html (Accessed: 4 April 2016).

Braja AB. Psikologi Perkembangan Tahapan dan Aspeknya. Jakarta Studi Press; 2005.

Weathers FW, Huska JA, Keane TM. PCL-C for DSM-IV. Boston: National Center for PTSD- Behavioral Science Division; 1991.

Berman S. Pediatric education in disaster Manual. American Academy of Pediatrics. Argentina; 2009.

Lubit RH, Pataki C. Post-traumatic stress disorder in children. available from: http:// emedicine. medscape.com/ article/918844 (Accessed: 22 April 2016).

Mirza R. dan Sulistyaningsih W. Cognitive Behavioral therapy. Untuk meningkatkan Regulasi Emos i Pada Anak Korban Konflik Aceh. Psikologia. 2013;8(2):59-72.

Foa E. Effective treatments for PTSD. Second Edition. The Guilford Press. New York: 2009.

Li HCW, Lopez V, Lee TLI. Effect of preoperative therapeutic play on outcomes of school-age children undergoing day surgery. Res Nurs Health. 2007;30:320-332.

Ross D. Treatment for PTSD: Guidelines for patient and family. 1999. Available from: http://www.psychguide.com/ ptsdhe.pdf (Accessed: 4 April 2016).