Factors influencing the work performance of Mitanins (ASHA) in Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh, India: a cross sectional study

Ashish Baghel, Kamlesh K. Jain, Sachin Pandey, Gopal Prasad Soni, Anubha Patel


Background: The Mitanin programme is a community health volunteer programme which was initiated by the Government of Chhattisgarh, India in 2002. The Mitanin programme further progressed to lay foundation for the Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHA) programme by the National Rural Health Mission. There is robust indication that the Community health workers could significantly contribute towards the betterment of health outcomes. The objective of the study was to study the factors influencing the work performance of Mitanins in Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh, India.

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was carried out among 180 Mitanins selected through multistage random sampling in Bilaspur district, Chhattisgarh, India during March to August 2015. A predesigned, pretested questionnaire was used for data collection.

Results: Regarding counselling to pregnant mother on maternal and child health about (65.6%) Mitanins were having knowledge and out of these prevalence of its practice was found to be (75.4%). Their less knowledge for content of responsibility significantly affected their practices in community. Other major factors influencing their work performance are better training sessions (37.8%), support from health staff (65.6%), drug kit refilling (80%), and fewer hurdles in receiving incentives (85.6%.

Conclusions: Less knowledge of the work component, less cooperation from health staff, delay refilling of drug kit, incentive oriented practices, delayed and inadequate payment of incentives for Mitanins influences the work performance.


Incentives, Knowledge, Mitanins, Work performance

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