Evaluation of burnout in medical interns: an institutional study
Keywords:Burnout syndrome, Gender differences, Medical Interns, Medical education, Occupational disorder
Background: Burnout is a psychological syndrome characterised as state of emotional exhaustion, negative attitude towards the recipient of care (depersonalisation) and a feeling of low accomplishments in human service professionals. However, there is very limited literature about Burnout syndrome among medical interns from India. Thus, this study aimed to found out the prevalence of burnout syndrome among medical interns and to find any gender differences between male and female interns.
Methods: The study was a cross sectional study with a convenient sample of 100 medical Interns. Subjects filled a pretested semi-structured questionnaire, which consisted of demographic data and measures of assessment. Burnout was assessed by application of Masalach Burnout Inventory. Definition of burnout was taken as high score (>27 points) on Emotional exhaustion subscale, along with high scores (>10 points) on depersonalization subscale and Low score (<33 points) on personal accomplishment subscale.
Results: Mean age of the sample was 23.9 years. 48 % were males and 52% were females. Burnout syndrome was found to be present in 22% subjects. 34% scored High on Emotional exhaustion subscale, while 46% scored High on depersonalization subscale and 77% scored Low on personal accomplishment subscale. Burnout status and subscales scores did not vary significantly with gender.
Conclusions: Considering the higher ratings on various domains of Burnout among medical interns there is a need for targeted action and further research for a healthy workforce development in field of Medical care.
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