To Study the correlation between fundus fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography patterns in clinically significant macular oedema

Neeti R. Sheth, Sushilkumar G. Chaudhari, Hiren D. Matai


Background: To Study the correlation between Fundus Fluorescein Angiography and Optical Coherence Tomography  patterns in Clinically Significant Macular Oedema.

Methods: This is a retrospective study which compares patterns in FFA and OCT in patients with CSME.

Results: A total of 54 eyes were examined. Participants included 64.81 % males and 34.85% females. On Fundus Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) 37.03% eyes showed diffuse leak, 27.77% eyes showed focal leak, 35.18 % eyes showed CME, 53.7% eyes showed macular ischemia. Maximum pattern is macular ischemia type in FFA. On OCT 42.6 % eyes showed spongy oedema, 68.51% eyes showed combined pattern, 48.15 % eyes showed ERM/Traction, 46.3 % eyes showed CME, 40.7 % eyes showed hard exudates 14.8 % eyes showed serous detachment.

Conclusions: Both FFA and OCT are indispensable tools for diagnosis and management of Diabetic macular oedema. Measurement of central foveal thickness, tractional, ERM was possible with OCT but large number of patients showed macular ischemia on FFA which was not possible to diagnose with OCT. So, both FFA and OCT are necessary for management of Diabetic macular oedema.


Clinically significant macular oedema, Cystoid macular oedema, epiretinal membrane, Fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography

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