A cross sectional study of behavioral problems of secondary school children and related socio-demographic factors

Monika S. Masare, Seema S. Bansode-Gokhe, Seema S. Bansode-Gokhe, R. R. Shinde, R. R. Shinde


Background: School-going children form an important vulnerable segment of the nation’s population. Children in the school-going age group of 5 to 16 years constitute a total of 30% of the total population. School age is a dynamic period of physical growth and development, when the child undergoes rapid mental, emotional, and social changes. Therefore, school-going children are susceptible groups for psychiatric disorders especially behavioural problems. The present research was carried out with an objective to study the behavioural problems of secondary school children and its relation to the various socio-demographic and socio-economic factors.

Methods: This cross sectional observational study was conducted on 304 secondary school children studying in 8th and 9th standard in the regarding socio-demographic profile and Strength and difficulties questionnaire. The analysis was done using Microsoft Excel and SPSS software.

Results: In this study, the prevalence of abnormal behavioral according to self-rated SDQ was found to be 1.6% while prevalence of borderline abnormal behavior was 11.2% and majority 87.2% of study subjects were normal having no behavioral problem. The combined borderline and abnormal behavioral problems were more prevalent in the age group of 12-13year (64.1%) and 13-14 years (30.8%), also more prevalent among girls (69.2%) compared to boys (30.8%). The prevalence of behavioral problems was higher among students studying in 9th standard (74.4%, 29/39) and studying in Hindi medium (61.5%). The incidence was found to be more in students who belongs to nuclear families (79.5%) and also was more among those who were first born compared to middle born and last born children. Majority of fathers were working as semiskilled (41.4%) and skilled (32.9%) workers, among the father’s alcohol users (45.06%) were high compared to the tobacco users (31.9%).

Conclusions: Socio-demographic factors and occupation of father and alcohol consumption among them was found to be significantly associated with the behavioural problems of the study subjects.


Behavioural problems, Metropolitan city, Socio-demographic profile, Strength and difficulties questionnaire

Full Text:



Mala V, Kumar D, Dwivedi S, Dabral SB. Psycho-social behavior pattern of unmarried adolescent girls in urban area of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. Indian J of Comm Med. 2007;32(1):79-81.

Renuka Ray Committee. Report on Social Welfare and Welfare of Backward Classes. 1959.

Mental health: A state of wellbeing. 2013. Available from: http:// features/ factfiles/mental_health/en/.

Rudan I, Lawn J, Cousens S. Rowe AK, Boschi-Pinto C, Tomasković L, et al. Gaps in policy-relevant information on burden of disease in children: a systematic review. Lancet. 2005;365(9476):2031-40.

Unicef. Statistics and monitoring. 2008. Available at

Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, Jamison DT, and Murray CJL. Disease Control Priorities Project. Global burden of disease and risk factors: World Bank Publications; 2006.

Kieling C, Baker-Henningham H, Belfer M, Conti G, Ertem I, Omigbodun O, et al. Child and adolescent mental health worldwide: evidence for action. Lancet. 2011;378(9801):1515-25.

Holling H, Kurth BM, Rothenberger A, Becker A Schlack R. Assessing psychopathological problems of children and adolescents from 3 to17 years in a nationwide representative sample: results of the German health interview and examination survey for children and adolescents (KiGGS). Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatr. 2008;17(1):34-41.