DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20171483

A prospective observational study for the evaluation of maternal and fetal outcome in patient with eclampsia

Santosh Kumar Dora, Lalmohan Nayak, Benudhar Pande, Atal Bihari Dandapat

Abstract


Background: Eclampsia continues to be a measure health issue in developing country. In order to get a comprehensive data on eclamptic patients we conduct a prospective observational study to address the maternal and fetal complication during pregnancy.

Methods: It is a prospective observational study conducted in a tertiary care medical college between the periods September 2016 to February 2017. During the period all patients with eclampsia admitted to the labour room were taken. Any patients with known epilepsy were excluded from the study.

Results: During the period 3780 women were admitted to the labour room, out of which 56 women had eclampsia with an incidence of 1.48%. Out this antenatal eclampsia was most common with an incidence of 91.08% followed by intra partum 4 (7.14%) and postpartum eclampsia 1 (1.78%). Majority of patients 54 (96.43%) were unbooked or inadequately supervised. Most of the patient had normalization of blood pressure after oral nifedipine 46 (82.14%), only 10 (17.86%) patient required additional injection labetalol for control of blood pressure. The maternal complications were placental abruption 8 (14.28%), HELLP 6 (10.71%), pulmonary edema 1 (1.78%), acute renal failure 1 (1.78%), DIC 1 (1.78%) and maternal death 2 (3.57%). Out of fifty six babies delivered 42 (75%) had live birth and 14 (25%) had still birth. A total of 17 (40.42%) had IUGR, 17 (40.47%) require SNCU admission post-delivery.

Conclusions:Eclampsia still remains the major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity. In low resource countries improvement in health care facility, adequate antenatal supervision, and timely referral will reduce the maternal and fetal complication.

 


Keywords


Eclampsia, Maternal mortality, Perinatal mortality

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