DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20171811

Gender based knowledge, attitude and practice study about blood donation among medical students in a sub-Himalayan state

Parveen Singh, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Tajali N. Shora, Bhavna Langer, Rashmi Kumari, Riya Gupta

Abstract


Background: WHO is advocating a policy towards 100% voluntary non-remunerated blood donation by year 2020. The youth in general and medical students in particular constitute the core group for recruitment and retention of voluntary donor population in order to ensure safe and sustainable blood transfusion practices in India. The objective of the present study is to elucidate the knowledge, attitude and practices about voluntary blood donation among medical undergraduate students.

Methods: A pretested, close ended questionnaire was administered to second and third year MBBS students of a tertiary care teaching hospital in Northwest India. Results were expressed in proportions and chi-square test was used as a test of significance (p<0.05).

Results: More than 90% of the respondents knew the suitable age for blood donation and interval between two blood donations. Knowledge parameters like age for blood donation, minimum weight for blood donation and volume of blood collected for blood donation were found to be statistically significant (p<0.5) between boys and girls. More females than males had positive attitude for voluntary blood donation which was statistically significant (p<0.05). In the practice part, voluntary blood donation rate was 26.69%.

Conclusions: Every opportunity should be availed to sensitise medical students about voluntary blood donation after their entry into medical colleges. It can greatly enhance the movement for voluntary non-remunerated blood donation and ensure safe and adequate quality of blood.


Keywords


Attitude, Knowledge, Practice, Voluntary blood donation

Full Text:

PDF

References


WHO. “Towards 100 % Voluntary Blood Donation, A Global Framework for Action,”. Available at http://www.who.int/ bloodsafety/ publications/ 9789241599696_eng.pdf.

Manikandan S, Srikumar R, Ruvanthika PN. A study on knowledge, attitude and practice on blood donation among health professional students in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, South India. Int J Sci ResPub. 2013;3(3):1-4.

WHO. Blood safety and availability Available at http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/ factsheets/ fs279/en/

Leikola J. Non-remunerated donations. Dev Biol Stud. 1993;8:51-6.

Garg S, Mathur DR, Garg DK. Comparison of seropositivity of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis in replacement and voluntary donors in Western India. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2001;44(4):409-12.

Marshall DA, Kleinman SH, Wong JB, Aubuchon JP, Grima DT, Kulin NA, Weinstein MC. Cost‐effectiveness of nucleic acid test screening of volunteer blood donations for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus in the United States. Vox sanguinis. 2004;86(1):28-40.

Salonen JT, Tuomainen TP, Salonen R, Lakka TA, Nyyssonen K. Donation of blood is associated with reduced risk of myocardial infarction. Am J Epidemiol. 1998;148(5):445-51.

Real JMF, Bermejo AL, Ricart W. Iron stores, blood donation and insulin sensitivity and secretion. Clin Chem. 2005;51:1201-5.

Zaller N, Nelson KE, Ness P, Wen G, Bai X, Shan H. Knowledge, attitude and practice survey regarding blood donation in a North western Chinese city. Transfus Med. 2005;15:277-86.

Oswalt RM, Hoff TE. The motivations of blood donors and non donors: A community survey. Transfusion. 1977;15:68-73.

Chopra D, Jauhari N. Knowledge Attitude and Practices towards Voluntary Blood Donation among Medical Students in Barabanki. Ind J Comm Health. 2015;27(3):386-90.

Aslami AN, Jobby A, Simon S, Nazarudeen N, Raj P, Ramees M, et al. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of blood donation among MBBS students of a Medical College in Kollam, Kerala. J Evol Den Sci. 2015;4(35):6086-95.

Amit A, Amit G, Gauravi D, Kakadia M. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation among medical students of PDU medical college India Rajkot. Int J Curr Res. 2014;6:6839-41.

Meinia SK, Kumar Y, Meinia A, Singh G, Dutt N. A study to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices about voluntary blood donation amongst the undergraduate medical students in Solan, North India. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5(12):2550-4

Kowsalya V, Vijayakumar R, Chidambaram R, Srikumar R, Reddy EP, Latha S, et al. A study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among medical students in Puducherry, India. Pak J Biol Sci. 2013;16(9):439-42

Bharatwaj RS, Vijaya K, Rajaram P. A descriptive study of knowledge, attitude and practice with regard to voluntary blood donation among medical undergraduate students in Pondicherry, India. J Clin and Diagnostic Research. 2012;6(4, supplement 2):602-4.

Nwogoh B, Aigberadion U, Nwannadi AI. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation among healthcare workers at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. J blood transfusion. 2013.

Bharucha ZS. Donor management in South East Asian Region. Dev Biol (Basel). 2005;120:145-53