Published: 2017-04-26

A study on the effect of adenoidectomy with tonsillectomy in otitis media with effusion in children

Ajayan P. V., Divya Raj M. L., Anju Mariam Jacob


Background: The aural symptoms attributed to adenoid hypertrophy are Eustachian tube block (ET) and otitis media with effusion (OME). It is thought that adenoid hypertrophy causes a block in air flow through the ET, thus creating a negative pressure in the middle ear leading to effusion which acts as a focus of infection. The role of hypertrophied tonsils in the aetiology of OME is controversial. Adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy and associated inflammation continue to be a major problem in paediatric age group despite the advances in medicine. Otitis media with effusion is a treatable cause of deafness which may hamper the learning ability of a child. This study was undertaken to study the effect of adenoidectomy with tonsillectomy on established otitis media with effusion in children.

Methods: 35 children presenting to the department of ENT, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India over one and a half years with features suggestive of secretory otitis media, tonsillar and adenoid hypertrophy who underwent adenoidectomy with tonsillectomy in Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India were included in the study. A predesigned questionnaire was prepared which included details on clinical symptoms, relevant investigations and preoperative and postoperative evaluation of hearing after 6 weeks and 3 months. Data collected was analyzed using paired t-test and chi square test to determine the improvement in hearing after 6 weeks and 3 months following surgery.

Results: Out of the 35 children included in the study, it was seen that 56% of cases, after 6 weeks showed complete resolution of OME which improved to 67% after 3 months. This was assessed by PTA and tympanometry. 33% showed partial improvement with Type C curve in tympanometry and improvement in PTA values.

Conclusions: All cases of OME associated with adenoid and tonsillar hypertrophy responded to our treatment with 67% showing complete cure of the condition. It can be assumed that, in the 33% partial responders there may be other factors like allergy, anatomical deformities, immunological which prevented the complete resolution of symptoms in OME. 


Adenoidectomy, Otitis media with effusion, Tonsillectomy

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