Reflective practice as a method of learning in medical education: history and review of literature

Gokul J. Jorwekar


Modern medical education and profession needs innovative methods to improve learning among the students. Reflective practice is one of the time-tested tool to improve students’ learning following a teaching encounter. Reflective practice is an analytical practice in which an individual adds a personal reflection about the action, incident, situation or thought. Purpose of this article is to review the literature to find out history, various models, genesis and application of reflective practice in medical education. Through the present paper, attempt has been made to focus on role of reflective practice in present medical education and profession.


Reflection, Reflective practice, Reflective writing, Role of reflection in education

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