Published: 2017-05-27

A study on prevalence of metabolic syndrome in general population in Western Uttar Pradesh, India

Shivani Bansal, Ankit Paliwal, Virender Verma, Jaba Chauhan


Background: A global transition in the disease pattern has been observed, where the relative impact of infectious disease is decreasing while chronic disease like cardiovascular disease and diabetes are increasingly dominating the disease pattern. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complex web of metabolic factors that are associated with a 2-fold increased risk of CVD and 5-fold risk of diabetes.

Methods: A total of 350 patients were included and a cross sectional study was conducted to identify metabolic syndrome prevalence and to evaluate risk factor for development of metabolic syndrome.

Results: 48% of participants were male and 52% were female our results showed a BMI of 22.11±3.57 in male and 22.16±2.82 in females. The overall prevalence of overweight was 31%. This study also showed significantly higher rate of metabolic syndrome in older age group i.e. 9.38% in age group of 30-39 years and 26.98% in 60-70 age group. Proportionally more subjects with MetS (74%) have sedentary life style as compared to those without MetS (54%).

Conclusions: The prevalence of Metabolic syndrome varies among ethnic groups. Indians are at high risk for ASCVD and their predisposition. The high prevalence of overweight and obesity was one of the major driving force in the development of MetS.


Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, BMI, Cholesterol, MetS

Full Text:



Terzic A, Waldman S. Chronic disease: the emerging pandemic. Clin Translat Sci. 2011;4:225-6.

Eckel RH. The metabolic syndrome. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J, eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th edition. 2012:1992.

Ford ES, Cogswell ME. Diabetes and Serum Ferritin concentration among U.S. Adults. Diabetes Care. 1999;22:1978-83.

Hossain P, Karwar B, EI Nahas M. Obesity and diabetes in the developing world-a growing challenge. N Engl J Med. 2007;356:213-5.

Grundy SM, Cleeman JI, Daniels SR. American Heart Association; National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Diagnosis and management of the metabolic Syndrome. An American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Scientific statement circulation. 2005;112:2735-52.

Ramachandran A, Snehalata C, Satyavanik. Metabolic syndrome in urban Asian Indian adults- a population study using modified ATP III critical Diabetes Resp Clin Pract. 2003;60:199-204.

Kanjilal S, Shanker J, Rao VS, Khadrinarasimhaih NB, Mukherjee M, Iyengar SS, et al. Prevalence and component analysis of metabolic syndrome: an Indian atherosclerosis research study perspective. Vascular health and risk management. 2008;4(1):189.

Enas EA, Mohan V, Deepa M, Farooq S, Pazhoor S, Chennikkara H. The metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia among Asian Indians: a population with high rates of diabetes and premature coronary artery disease. J Cardiometab Syndr. 2007;2(4):267-75.

Ravikiran M, Bhansali A, Ravikumar P, Bhansali S, Dutta P, Thakur JS, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of metabolic syndrome among Asian Indians: a community survey. Diab Res Clin Pract. 2010;89(2):181-8.

Sawant A, Mankeshwar R, Shah S, Raghavan R, Dhongde G, Raje H, et al. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in urban India. Cholesterol. 2011;19:2011.